precedent

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: précédent and précèdent

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French, from Latin praecēdēns, present participle of praecēdere (to precede); See precede.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective:

Noun:

Noun[edit]

precedent (plural precedents)

  1. An act in the past which may be used as an example to help decide the outcome of similar instances in the future.
    • Hooker
      Examples for cases can but direct as precedents only.
  2. (law) A decided case which is cited or used as an example to justify a judgment in a subsequent case.
  3. An established habit or custom.
  4. (obsolete, with definite article) The aforementioned (thing).
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      , New York 2001, p.74:
      A third argument may be derived from the precedent.
  5. The previous version.
  6. (obsolete) A rough draught of a writing which precedes a finished copy.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (a case used as an example to justify a judgment in a subsequent one): case law

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

precedent (not comparable)

  1. Happening or taking place earlier in time; previous or preceding. [from 14th c.]
  2. (now rare) Coming before in a particular order or arrangement; preceding, foregoing. [from 15th c.]
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, partition III, section 2, member 1, subsection i:
      In the precedent section mention was made, amongst other pleasant objects, of this comeliness and beauty which proceeds from women […].

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

precedent (third-person singular simple present precedents, present participle precedenting, simple past and past participle precedented)

  1. (transitive, law) To provide precedents for.
  2. (transitive, law) To be a precedent for.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

precedent m (plural precedents)

  1. precedent

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

precedent m

  1. precedent (past act used as example)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • precedent in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • precedent in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French precedent. First attested in the 16th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌpreː.seːˈdɛnt/, /ˌpreː.səˈdɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pre‧ce‧dent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun[edit]

precedent n (plural precedenten)

  1. precedent

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin praecēdēns. Compare Middle French preceder.

Adjective[edit]

precedent m (oblique and nominative feminine singular precedent or precedente)

  1. preceding; that comes before
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine):
      Fievre ethique vient sans fievre precedente
      Ethical[?] fever comes without a preceding fever