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From Middle English prefect and prefecte, from Old French prefect (Mod. French préfet), from Latin praefectus (“one placed in charge, overseer, director, prefect”), from praeficere (“to place in charge”).
prefect (plural prefects)
- (historical) An official of Ancient Rome who controlled or superintended a particular command, charge, department, etc.
- the prefect of the aqueducts; the prefect of a camp, of a fleet, of the city guard, or of provisions; the pretorian prefect, who was commander of the troops guarding the emperor's person
- 1899 February, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, volume CLXV, number M, New York, N.Y.: The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, […], →OCLC, part I, page 196:
- Or think of a decent young citizen in a toga - perhaps too much dice, you know - coming out here in the train of some prefect, or tax-gatherer, or trader even, to mend his fortunes.
- 1951, Arthur Waley, The Life and Times of Po Chü-i, London: George Allen & Unwin, →OCLC, page 33:
- It seems that in the autumn of 803 he went on leave. His uncle Po Chi-chên, had recently been moved from his post at Hsü-chou and promoted to be Prefect of Hsü-chʻang in Central Honan.
- The head of a department in France.
- The head of a county in Albania or Romania.
- The head of a prefecture in Japan.
- (Britain) A school pupil in a position of power over other pupils.
- A commander.
- (Roman office): provost (obs.)
an official of ancient Rome
the head of a prefecture, whether a Japanese prefecture, French department, or Balkan county
a school pupil in a position of power over other pupils
From Latin praefectus.
prefect m (plural prefecți)
- prefect (head of county in Romania)
Declension of prefect
|indefinite articulation||definite articulation||indefinite articulation||definite articulation|
|nominative/accusative||(un) prefect||prefectul||(niște) prefecți||prefecții|
|genitive/dative||(unui) prefect||prefectului||(unor) prefecți||prefecților|
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰeh₁-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Old French
- Albanian terms derived from Latin
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with historical senses
- English terms with quotations
- British English
- English terms prefixed with pre-
- en:Ancient Rome
- Romanian terms borrowed from Latin
- Romanian terms derived from Latin
- Romanian lemmas
- Romanian nouns
- Romanian countable nouns
- Romanian masculine nouns