Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Primus and prímus



From Latin primus (the first); related to prior, the comparative form. Partially cognate to foremost, from Proto-Indo-European [Term?].



primus (plural primuses)

  1. One of the bishops of the Scottish Episcopal Church, who presides at the meetings of the bishops, and has certain privileges but no metropolitan authority.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Internat. Cyc to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for primus in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



Latin numbers (edit)
2  → 
    Cardinal: ūnus
    Ordinal: prīmus
    Adverbial: semel
    Multiplier: simplex, simplus
    Distributive: singulī


From earlier prīsmos, from Proto-Italic *priisemos, a superlative form of the obsolete preposition *pri/*prei, related to prae (before) (see -issimus for the superlative), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂- (before). Compare prior (earlier, in front), the corresponding comparative. Cognate of Oscan promom, Umbrian promom ("first").



prīmus (feminine prīma, neuter prīmum, adverb prīmō); first/second-declension adjective

  1. first


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative prīmus prīma prīmum prīmī prīmae prīma
Genitive prīmī prīmae prīmī prīmōrum prīmārum prīmōrum
Dative prīmō prīmō prīmīs
Accusative prīmum prīmam prīmum prīmōs prīmās prīma
Ablative prīmō prīmā prīmō prīmīs
Vocative prīme prīma prīmum prīmī prīmae prīma

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • primus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • primus in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • primus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • primus in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • to have a superficial knowledge, a smattering of literature, of the sciences: primis (ut dicitur) or primoribus labris gustare or attingere litteras
    • to receive the first elements of a liberal education: primis litterarum elementis imbui
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • to give the palm, the first place (for wisdom) to some one: primas (e.g. sapientiae) alicui deferre, tribuere, concedere
    • (ambiguous) at the first opportunity: primo quoque tempore
    • (ambiguous) at the beginning of spring: ineunte, primo vere
    • (ambiguous) we start by presupposing that..: positum est a nobis primum (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) to be considered the foremost orator: primum or principem inter oratores locum obtinere
    • (ambiguous) to occupy the first, second position in the state: principem (primum), secundum locum dignitatis obtinere
    • (ambiguous) the vanguard: agmen primum
  • primus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • primus in Ramminger, Johann, Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016, retrieved 16 July 2016
  • primus in William Smith, editor, A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray, 1848
  • De Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[3], Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 488



From German Primus


primus n (plural primusuri)

  1. kerosene stove