primus

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See also: Primus and prímus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prīmus ([the] first); related to prior, the comparative form. Partially cognate to foremost, from Proto-Indo-European [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

primus (plural primuses)

  1. One of the bishops of the Scottish Episcopal Church, who presides at the meetings of the bishops, and has certain privileges but no metropolitan authority.
    • 1884, Gonzalo Canilla, speech at the Centenary of the consecration of Samuel Seabury
      my own grandfather, some time Bishop of Edinburgh, among its Primuses

References[edit]

primus” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin numbers (edit)
10
I
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: ūnus
    Ordinal: prīmus
    Adverbial: semel
    Multiplier: simplex, simplus
    Distributive: singulī

Etymology[edit]

From earlier prīsmos, from Proto-Italic *priisemos, a superlative form of the obsolete preposition *pri/*prei, related to prae (before) (see -issimus for the superlative), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂- (before). Compare prior (earlier, in front), the corresponding comparative. Cognate of Oscan promom, Umbrian promom ("first").

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

prīmus (feminine prīma, neuter prīmum, adverb prīmō); first/second-declension adjective

  1. first, early

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative prīmus prīma prīmum prīmī prīmae prīma
Genitive prīmī prīmae prīmī prīmōrum prīmārum prīmōrum
Dative prīmō prīmō prīmīs
Accusative prīmum prīmam prīmum prīmōs prīmās prīma
Ablative prīmō prīmā prīmō prīmīs
Vocative prīme prīma prīmum prīmī prīmae prīma

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • primus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • primus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • primus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • primus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have a superficial knowledge, a smattering of literature, of the sciences: primis (ut dicitur) or primoribus labris gustare or attingere litteras
    • to receive the first elements of a liberal education: primis litterarum elementis imbui
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • to give the palm, the first place (for wisdom) to some one: primas (e.g. sapientiae) alicui deferre, tribuere, concedere
    • (ambiguous) at the first opportunity: primo quoque tempore
    • (ambiguous) at the beginning of spring: ineunte, primo vere
    • (ambiguous) we start by presupposing that..: positum est a nobis primum (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) to be considered the foremost orator: primum or principem inter oratores locum obtinere
    • (ambiguous) to occupy the first, second position in the state: principem (primum), secundum locum dignitatis obtinere
    • (ambiguous) the vanguard: agmen primum
  • primus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • primus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • primus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 488

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Primus.

Noun[edit]

primus n (plural primusuri)

  1. kerosene stove

Declension[edit]