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From Proto-Indo-European *pro-bʰr-o- (what is brought up against someone as a reproach), from prō (in front) + *bʰer- (to carry), whence Latin ferō.


probrum n (genitive probrī); second declension

  1. disgrace, shame
  2. abuse, insult


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative probrum probra
genitive probrī probrōrum
dative probrō probrīs
accusative probrum probra
ablative probrō probrīs
vocative probrum probra

Derived terms[edit]


  • probrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • probrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • probrum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 490