Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
From Middle English proporcion, from Old French proportion, from Latin proportio (“comparative relation, proportion, symmetry, analogy”), from pro (“for, before”) + portio (“share, part”); see portion.
- (General American) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpɔɹʃən/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpɔːʃən/
- (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpo(ː)ɹʃən/
- (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /pɹəˈpoəʃən/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)ʃən
- Hyphenation: pro‧por‧tion
- (countable) A quantity of something that is part of the whole amount or number.
1907, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, “chapter VI”, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: A. L. Burt Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 4241346:
- “I don't mean all of your friends—only a small proportion—which, however, connects your circle with that deadly, idle, brainless bunch—the insolent chatterers at the opera, the gorged dowagers, the worn-out, passionless men, the enervated matrons of the summer capital, […]!”
- (uncountable) Harmonious relation of parts to each other or to the whole.
- (countable) Proper or equal share.
- Jeremy Taylor (1613–1677)
- Let the women […] do the same things in their proportions and capacities.
- Jeremy Taylor (1613–1677)
- The relation of one part to another or to the whole with respect to magnitude, quantity, or degree.
- the proportion of the parts of a building, or of the body
- (mathematics, countable) A statement of equality between two ratios.
- (countable, chiefly in the plural) Size.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
- The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; […] . Now she had come to look upon the matter in its true proportions, and her anticipation of a possible chance of teaching him a lesson was a pleasure to behold.
2012 May 20, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Marge Gets A Job” (season 4, episode 7; originally aired 11/05/1992)”, in The Onion AV Club:
- What other television show would feature a gorgeously designed sequence where a horrifically mutated Pierre and Marie Curie, their bodies swollen to Godzilla-like proportions from prolonged exposure to the radiation that would eventually kill them, destroy an Asian city with their bare hands like vengeance-crazed monster-Gods?
quantity that is part of the whole
- (art) To set or render in proportion.
- proportion in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- proportion in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
proportion f (plural proportions)