prosum

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From prō- +‎ sum (I am). See also probus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

prōsum (present infinitive prōdesse, perfect active prōfuī, future participle prōfutūrus); irregular conjugation

  1. (with a dative) I am useful or of use, do good, help, benefit, serve, profit.
  2. (of medicines) I am good or beneficial.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.267
      proderit et tunsum gallae admiscere saporem []
      It’ is good too to blend a taste of pounded oak-apples []

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of prosum (highly irregular, suppletive, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōsum prōdes prōdest prōsumus prōdestis prōsunt
imperfect prōderam prōderās prōderat prōderāmus prōderātis prōderant
future prōderō prōderis, prōdere prōderit prōderimus prōderitis prōderunt
perfect prōfuī prōfuistī prōfuit prōfuimus prōfuistis prōfuērunt, prōfuēre
pluperfect prōfueram prōfuerās prōfuerat prōfuerāmus prōfuerātis prōfuerant
future perfect prōfuerō prōfueris prōfuerit prōfuerimus prōfueritis prōfuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōsim prōsīs prōsit prōsīmus prōsītis prōsint
imperfect prōdessem, prōforem prōdessēs, prōforēs prōdesset, prōforet prōdessēmus, prōforēmus prōdessētis, prōforētis prōdessent, prōforent
perfect prōfuerim prōfuerīs prōfuerit prōfuerīmus prōfuerītis prōfuerint
pluperfect prōfuissem prōfuissēs prōfuisset prōfuissēmus prōfuissētis prōfuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōdes prōdeste
future prōdestō prōdestō prōdestōte prōsuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives prōdesse prōfuisse prōfutūrus esse, prōfore
participles prōfutūrus

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • prosum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • prosum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • prosum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • prosum in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016