protoplasm

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Protoplasma, coined by Czech physiologist Johannes Evangelista Purkinje, from Ancient Greek πρῶτος (prôtos, first) + πλάσμα (plásma, something molded). The word was in Late Latin, meaning "first created thing," and may have existed in Medieval Greek in a different sense.

Noun[edit]

protoplasm (plural protoplasms)

  1. (cytology) The entire contents of a cell comprising the nucleus and the cytoplasm. It is a semi-fluid, transparent substance which is the living matter of plant and animal cells.

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