puma

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See also: Puma, pumă, and púma

English

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puma
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma (plural pumas)

  1. A mountain lion or cougar (Puma concolor).
  2. (by extension) Any feline belonging to the genus Puma.
  3. (slang) A woman in her 20s or 30s who seeks relationships with younger men; a younger cougar.
    • 2011, Donna McDonald, Dating A Cougar, →ISBN:
      “Younger can be good. How much younger?” Regina asked, inspecting the appetizer plates for any lingering bites. “I don't know,” Alexa said frowning. “Why does that matter?” “Less than eight years makes you a Puma. Over eight years makes you a Cougar,” Regina said wisely, grinning as Lauren nodded excitedly in agreement.

Descendants

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  • Malay: puma
  • Swedish: puma (calque)

Translations

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Anagrams

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Catalan

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Classical Quechua puma.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma m (plural pumes)

  1. puma

Further reading

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Classical Quechua

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Etymology

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From Proto-Quechuan [Term?]. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun

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puma

  1. puma, cougar, mountain lion (Felis concolor).

Descendants

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  • ? Quechua: puma (see there for further descendants)

Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Possibly via German Puma, ultimately from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Noun

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puma f (related adjective pumí)

  1. cougar, puma
Declension
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Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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puma f (related adjective pumový)

  1. bomb
Declension
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Further reading

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  • puma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • puma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Noun

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puma c (singular definite pumaen, plural indefinite pumaer)

  1. puma; cougar; mountain lion

Declension

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References

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Faroese

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puma

Etymology

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Borrowed from German Puma, from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma f (genitive singular pumu, plural pumur)

  1. puma, cougar (Puma concolor)

Declension

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Declension of puma
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative puma puman pumur pumurnar
accusative pumu pumuna pumur pumurnar
dative pumu pumuni pumum pumunum
genitive pumu pumunnar puma pumanna

See also

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Quechuan.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma m (plural pumas)

  1. puma (mammal)

Descendants

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Further reading

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Hungarian

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 puma on Hungarian Wikipedia
puma

Etymology

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Borrowed from German Puma, from Spanish puma, from Quechuan.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈpumɒ]
  • Hyphenation: pu‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

Noun

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puma (plural pumák)

  1. puma, cougar (Puma concolor)

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative puma pumák
accusative pumát pumákat
dative pumának pumáknak
instrumental pumával pumákkal
causal-final pumáért pumákért
translative pumává pumákká
terminative pumáig pumákig
essive-formal pumaként pumákként
essive-modal
inessive pumában pumákban
superessive pumán pumákon
adessive pumánál pumáknál
illative pumába pumákba
sublative pumára pumákra
allative pumához pumákhoz
elative pumából pumákból
delative pumáról pumákról
ablative pumától pumáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
pumáé pumáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
pumáéi pumákéi
Possessive forms of puma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. pumám pumáim
2nd person sing. pumád pumáid
3rd person sing. pumája pumái
1st person plural pumánk pumáink
2nd person plural pumátok pumáitok
3rd person plural pumájuk pumáik

Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpu.ma/
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Hyphenation: pù‧ma

Noun

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puma m (invariable)

  1. puma

Malay

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English puma, from Quechuan puma.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma (Jawi spelling ڤوما, plural puma-puma)

  1. puma (mountain lion); cougar (Puma concolor)

Synonyms

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

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From Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Noun

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puma m (definite singular pumaen, indefinite plural pumaer, definite plural pumaene)

  1. a puma, Puma concolor

References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology

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From Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Noun

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puma m (definite singular pumaen, indefinite plural pumaer or pumaar, definite plural pumaene or pumaane)

  1. a puma, Puma concolor

References

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpu.ma/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Syllabification: pu‧ma

Noun

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puma f

  1. puma, cougar
    Synonym: kuguar

Declension

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References

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  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “puma”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “puma”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volumes 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  3. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “puma”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)

Further reading

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  • puma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • puma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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puma

Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma,[1] from Quechua puma.[2]

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: pu‧ma

Noun

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puma m or (nonstandard) f (plural pumas)

  1. puma; cougar; mountain lion (Puma concolor, a large feline of the Americas)
    Synonyms: onça-parda, suçuarana, leão-baio, leão-da-montanha

References

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Quechua

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Etymology

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Proto-Quechuan [Term?]; compare Classical Quechua puma. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun

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puma

  1. puma; cougar; mountain lion (Puma concolor, a large feline of the Americas)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • “puma” in Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua (2006) Diccionario quechua-español-quechua, 2nd edition, Cusco: Edmundo Pantigozo.

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French puma.

Noun

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puma f (uncountable)

  1. puma

Declension

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Serbo-Croatian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /pûma/
  • Hyphenation: pu‧ma

Noun

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pȕma f (Cyrillic spelling пу̏ма)

  1. puma

Declension

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Sicilian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpu.ma/, [ˈpuːmä]
  • Hyphenation: pù‧ma

Etymology 1

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From Latin pōma, plural of pōmum (fruit).

Noun

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puma m

  1. plural of pumu
Descendants
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  • Sicilian: Puma (Sicilian surname)

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Noun

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puma m

  1. cougar, mountain lion, puma (Puma concolor)

Slovak

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puma

Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish puma, from Quechua puma.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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puma f (genitive singular pumy, nominative plural pumy, genitive plural púm, declension pattern of žena)

  1. puma, cougar (Puma concolor)

Declension

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See also

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Further reading

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  • puma”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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púma f

  1. puma, mountain lion (Puma concolor)

Inflection

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The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. púma
gen. sing. púme
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
púma púmi púme
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
púme púm púm
dative
(dajȃlnik)
púmi púmama púmam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
púmo púmi púme
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
púmi púmah púmah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
púmo púmama púmami

Spanish

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puma

Etymology

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Borrowed from Quechua puma.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpuma/ [ˈpu.ma]
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Syllabification: pu‧ma

Noun

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puma m (plural pumas)

  1. cougar, mountain lion, puma (Puma concolor)

Descendants

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Further reading

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Swazi

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Verb

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-puma

  1. to burst

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Swedish

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Sense 2 is a semantic loan from English puma. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun

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puma c

  1. a cougar (Puma concolor)
  2. (slang) a cougar; a woman who is attractive despite her age

Declension

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Declension of puma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative puma puman pumor pumorna
Genitive pumas pumans pumors pumornas

See also

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References

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