puzzle

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See also: Puzzle

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A set of different puzzles

Etymology[edit]

Origin uncertain; originally pusle. Possibly from pose (to perplex, puzzle, interrogate) +‎ -le (frequentative suffix). The verb (1590s) “to perplex” seems to predate the noun “state of being perplexed” (circa 1600), “perplexing question” (1650s), “toy” (1814).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: pŭzʹəl, IPA(key): /ˈpʌzəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌzəl

Noun[edit]

puzzle (plural puzzles)

  1. Anything that is difficult to understand or make sense of.
    Where he went after he left the house is a puzzle.
  2. A game for one or more people that is more or less difficult to work out or complete.
  3. A crossword puzzle.
  4. A jigsaw puzzle.
  5. A riddle.
  6. (archaic) Something made with marvellous skill; something of ingenious construction.
  7. The state of being puzzled; perplexity.
    to be in a puzzle

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

puzzle (third-person singular simple present puzzles, present participle puzzling, simple past and past participle puzzled)

  1. (transitive) To perplex, confuse, or mystify; to cause (someone) to be faced with a mystery, without answers or an explanation.
  2. (intransitive) To think long and carefully, in bewilderment.
    We puzzled over the curious-shaped lock, but were unable to discover how the key should be inserted.
  3. (transitive) To make intricate; to entangle.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “puzzle”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English puzzle.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpazl̩]
  • (nonstandard, hyperforeign) IPA(key): [ˈput͡slɛ]

Noun[edit]

puzzle m

  1. jigsaw puzzle

Usage notes[edit]

Also used as an indeclinable noun of various genders, most often neuter.[2]

Although the standard pronunciation of this word, which has been borrowed from English, is /ˈpazl̩/, another common informal pronunciation is /ˈput͡sle/, which is a hyperforeignism, trying to apply either Italian (as in pizza) or more probably German pronunciation rules.[3] However, both Italian and German pronunciation of the word puzzle is different.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "puzzle" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ puzzle in Internetová jazyková příručka, Institute of the Czech Language of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  3. ^ Z dopisů jazykové poradně, Naše řeč, volume 82 (1999), issue 5

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English puzzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

puzzle m (plural puzzles)

  1. jigsaw puzzle

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Kirakós játék on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English puzzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpaːzl̩], [ˈpaːzəl] (also with a short [a])
  • Hyphenation: puzzle (cannot be hyphenated)
  • Rhymes: -əl

Noun[edit]

puzzle (plural puzzle-ök or puzzle-ok or puzzle-k)[1][2]

  1. jigsaw puzzle
    Synonyms: (képes) kirakó/kirakójáték, kirakós (játék), képkirakó/képkirakós (játék), (rare) pázli

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative puzzle puzzle-ok
accusative puzzle-t puzzle-okat
dative puzzle-nak puzzle-oknak
instrumental puzzle-lal puzzle-okkal
causal-final puzzle-ért puzzle-okért
translative puzzle-lá puzzle-okká
terminative puzzle-ig puzzle-okig
essive-formal puzzle-ként puzzle-okként
essive-modal
inessive puzzle-ban puzzle-okban
superessive puzzle-on puzzle-okon
adessive puzzle-nál puzzle-oknál
illative puzzle-ba puzzle-okba
sublative puzzle-ra puzzle-okra
allative puzzle-hoz puzzle-okhoz
elative puzzle-ból puzzle-okból
delative puzzle-ról puzzle-okról
ablative puzzle-tól puzzle-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
puzzle-é puzzle-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
puzzle-éi puzzle-okéi
Possessive forms of puzzle
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. puzzle-om puzzle-jaim
2nd person sing. puzzle-od puzzle-jaid
3rd person sing. puzzle-ja puzzle-jai
1st person plural puzzle-unk puzzle-jaink
2nd person plural puzzle-otok puzzle-jaitok
3rd person plural puzzle-juk puzzle-jaik

or

Inflection (stem in -ö-, front rounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative puzzle puzzle-ök
accusative puzzle-t puzzle-öket
dative puzzle-nek puzzle-öknek
instrumental puzzle-lel puzzle-ökkel
causal-final puzzle-ért puzzle-ökért
translative puzzle-lé puzzle-ökké
terminative puzzle-ig puzzle-ökig
essive-formal puzzle-ként puzzle-ökként
essive-modal
inessive puzzle-ben puzzle-ökben
superessive puzzle-ön puzzle-ökön
adessive puzzle-nél puzzle-öknél
illative puzzle-be puzzle-ökbe
sublative puzzle-re puzzle-ökre
allative puzzle-höz puzzle-ökhöz
elative puzzle-ből puzzle-ökből
delative puzzle-ről puzzle-ökről
ablative puzzle-től puzzle-öktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
puzzle-é puzzle-öké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
puzzle-éi puzzle-ökéi
Possessive forms of puzzle
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. puzzle-öm puzzle-jeim
2nd person sing. puzzle-öd puzzle-jeid
3rd person sing. puzzle-je puzzle-jei
1st person plural puzzle-ünk puzzle-jeink
2nd person plural puzzle-ötök puzzle-jeitek
3rd person plural puzzle-jük puzzle-jeik

or [1][2]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative puzzle puzzle-k
accusative puzzle-t puzzle-kat
dative puzzle-nak puzzle-knak
instrumental puzzle-val puzzle-kkal
causal-final puzzle-ért puzzle-kért
translative puzzle-vá puzzle-kká
terminative puzzle-ig puzzle-kig
essive-formal puzzle-ként puzzle-kként
essive-modal
inessive puzzle-ban puzzle-kban
superessive puzzle-n puzzle-kon
adessive puzzle-nál puzzle-knál
illative puzzle-ba puzzle-kba
sublative puzzle-ra puzzle-kra
allative puzzle-hoz puzzle-khoz
elative puzzle-ból puzzle-kból
delative puzzle-ról puzzle-król
ablative puzzle-tól puzzle-któl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
puzzle-é puzzle-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
puzzle-éi puzzle-kéi
Possessive forms of puzzle
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. puzzle-m puzzle-jaim
2nd person sing. puzzle-d puzzle-jaid
3rd person sing. puzzle-ja puzzle-jai
1st person plural puzzle-nk puzzle-jaink
2nd person plural puzzle-tok puzzle-jaitok
3rd person plural puzzle-juk puzzle-jaik

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • kirak (to do [a jigsaw puzzle])

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Miképpen kell kiejteni és toldalékolni a puzzle szót? (“How is the word puzzle to be pronounced and inflected?”) answered by E-nyelv.hu, based on Laczkó, Krisztina and Attila Mártonfi. Helyesírás (’Orthography’). Budapest: Osiris Kiadó, 2006. →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 puzzle toldalékolása (“inflection of puzzle”) answered by E-nyelv.hu

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English puzzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

puzzle m (invariable)

  1. jigsaw puzzle
  2. (by extension) a difficult problem

References[edit]

  1. ^ puzzle in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From English puzzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

puzzle nvir

  1. jigsaw puzzle

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • puzzle in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • puzzle in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English puzzle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈpuθle/, [ˈpuθ.le]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈpusle/, [ˈpus.le]

Noun[edit]

puzzle m (plural puzzles)

  1. jigsaw puzzle