q

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See also: Q, -q, գ, զ, , , Q., and Appendix:Variations of "q"
Letter q.svg
q U+0071, q
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q
p
[U+0070]
Basic Latin r
[U+0072]
U+FF51, q
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER Q

[U+FF50]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF52]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

q (upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Symbol[edit]

q

  1. (IPA) voiceless uvular plosive.
  2. (physics) electrical charge
  3. (physics) heat
  4. (fluid dynamics) dynamic pressure

Synonyms[edit]

  • (electrical charge): Q
  • (heat): Q

Usage notes[edit]

The "q" once was used by linguists to represent glottal stop in protowords. After IPA comes out, they must use ʔ instead because the "q" becomes another phonetic feature.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of Q:


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q, plural qs or q's)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the English alphabet, called cue and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes[edit]

The name of this letter is spelled cue or formerly cu.

See also[edit]

Number[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The ordinal number seventeenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called cue and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

q

  1. (sports) conditional qualification
  2. question
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin quaque (every).

Determiner[edit]

q

  1. (medicine) Each, every (with a time interval).
    175 mg/m2 q 3 wks
    ("every three weeks").
Related terms[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q lower case (upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ku and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: p
  • Next letter: r

Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called kuu and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in foreign words.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called kuu and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords qu is replaced with kv.

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun[edit]

q m (plural q)

  1. Abbreviation of quintal.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: p
  • Next letter: r

Further reading[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

q

  1. Romanization of 𐌵

Greenlandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /q/

Letter[edit]

q

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Greenlandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈk]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈkuː]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

It is a symbol of the (somewhat dated) unit of mázsa (100 kilos or a quintal, approx. two hundredweight).

It occurs in the following terms, along with their derivations and compounds: becquerel, (archaic spelling: boutique →) butik, cinquecento, conditio sine qua non, denique, donquijoték (plural), IQ, kvad or quad, quantum satis, quaestor, quaestura, quattrocento, quisling, quodlibet, QR-kód, squash, and tequila.

Also in some foreign proper names chiefly from Latin, French, and Spanish, including Aquincum, Aquinói Szent Tamás (Thomas Aquinas), Don Quijote, Dunkerque, García Márquez, Jacques Offenbach, Martinique, Montesquieu, Quartier Latin, Québec, Quintilianus, Quintus Pontius Pilatus, Quito, Torquato Tasso, and Velázquez.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative q q-k
accusative q-t q-kat
dative q-nak q-knak
instrumental q-val q-kkal
causal-final q-ért q-kért
translative q-vá q-kká
terminative q-ig q-kig
essive-formal q-ként q-kként
essive-modal
inessive q-ban q-kban
superessive q-n q-kon
adessive q-nál q-knál
illative q-ba q-kba
sublative q-ra q-kra
allative q-hoz q-khoz
elative q-ból q-kból
delative q-ról q-król
ablative q-tól q-któl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
q-é q-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
q-éi q-kéi
Possessive forms of q
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. q-m q-im
2nd person sing. q-d q-id
3rd person sing. q-ja q-i
1st person plural q-nk q-ink
2nd person plural q-tok q-itok
3rd person plural q-juk q-ik

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • q in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation, always found before the letter U) IPA(key): /kw/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /kwe/

Letter[edit]

q (upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /k/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ki/

Letter[edit]

q (upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From similarity pronunciation of q in English and -ku in Indonesian.

Pronoun[edit]

q

  1. (text messaging, slang) Abbreviation of aku.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈku/
    • Rhymes: -u
  • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): /kw/

Letter[edit]

q f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case Q)

  1. lowercase form of Q

Latin[edit]

Letter[edit]

q

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʔ/
    • IPA(key): [ʔ] (standard)
    • IPA(key): [q] (dialectal, now especially among the elderly)

Letter[edit]

q (upper case Q)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Rare in written Norwegian, only used in a limited number of loanwords.

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

q

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of que (that).
  2. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of quê (what).

Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (after n) /ɡ/, (after any other letter) /k/

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. (International Standard) Used to represent the dative and genitive cases.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “-q-”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 15

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called chiu and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used chiefly in loanwords.
  • The digraph qu is pronounced /kw/, /kv/, or /kʲ/.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈku/, [ˈku]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

q

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of que (that).
    Hay un policía en la ruta q mas uso.There's a cop on the route that I use the most.
  2. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of qué (what).
    q paso?What happened?

Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

q (lower case, upper case Q)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]