quark

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See also: Quark

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

First used in 1963 by one of the theorists who postulated the existence of quarks, Murray Gell-Mann. Gell-Mann coined the name for these new particles. The literary connection to James Joyce's Finnegans Wake was asserted later; see the Quark Wikipedia article.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quark ‎(plural quarks)

  1. (physics) In the Standard Model, an elementary subatomic particle which forms matter. Quarks have never been found alone as of this writing, They combine to form hadrons, such as protons and neutrons.
    • 1993, Gell-Mann won the linguistic battle once again: his choice, a croaking nonsense word, was "quark". (After the fact, he was able to tack on a literary antecedent when he found the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark" in Finnegans Wake, but the physicists quark was pronounced from the beginning to rhyme with "cork".) — James Gleick, Genius: Richard Feynman and Modern Physics
    • 2012 March-April, Jeremy Bernstein, “A Palette of Particles”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 146:
      There were also particles no one had predicted that just appeared. Five of them […, i]n order of increasing modernity, [] are the neutrino, the pi meson, the antiproton, the quark and the Higgs boson.
  2. (computing, X Window System) An integer that uniquely identifies a text string.
    • 2012, Keith D. Gregory, Programming with Motif (page 453)
      Two functions are provided to convert between strings and quarks: XrmStringToQuark and XrmQuarkToString []
Hyponyms[edit]
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Translations[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

German quark.

German Quark, from late Middle High German twarc, from a West Slavic language, compare Polish twaróg.

Noun[edit]

quark ‎(uncountable)

  1. A soft creamy cheese, eaten throughout northern, central, and eastern Europe, very similar to cottage cheese except that it is usually not made with rennet.
Translations[edit]
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Etymology 3[edit]

Onomatopoeia, from the sound of the squawk.

Noun[edit]

quark ‎(plural quarks)

  1. (Falkland Islands, informal) The black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(plural [please provide])

  1. (physics) quark

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(invariable)

  1. (physics) quark

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark (an elementary subatomic particle which forms matter)
  2. quark (soft creamy cheese)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m ‎(plural quarks)

  1. quark

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (fermions) fermión; quark, leptón