quark

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See also: Quark

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Coined by American physicist Murray Gell-Mann in 1963. The literary connection to James Joyce's Finnegans Wake was asserted later; see the Quark Wikipedia article.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quark (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) In the Standard Model, an elementary subatomic particle that forms matter. They combine to form hadrons, such as protons and neutrons.
    • 2012 March-April, Jeremy Bernstein, “A Palette of Particles”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 146:
      There were also particles no one had predicted that just appeared. Five of them […, i]n order of increasing modernity, [] are the neutrino, the pi meson, the antiproton, the quark and the Higgs boson.
  2. (computing, X Window System) An integer that uniquely identifies a text string.
    • 2012, Keith D. Gregory, Programming with Motif (page 453)
      Two functions are provided to convert between strings and quarks: XrmStringToQuark and XrmQuarkToString []
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

German quark.

Borrowed from German Quark, from late Middle High German twarc, from a West Slavic language (compare Polish twaróg), from Proto-Slavic *tvarogъ.

Doublet of tvorog.

Noun[edit]

quark (uncountable)

  1. A soft creamy cheese, eaten throughout northern, central, eastern, and southeastern Europe as well as the Low Countries, very similar to cottage cheese except that it is usually not made with rennet.
Translations[edit]
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Etymology 3[edit]

Onomatopoeic, from the sound of the squawk.

Noun[edit]

quark (plural quarks)

  1. (Falkland Islands, informal) The black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Gleick (1993) Genius: Richard Feynman and Modern Physics:
    Gell-Mann won the linguistic battle once again: his choice, a croaking nonsense word, was "quark". (After the fact, he was able to tack on a literary antecedent when he found the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark" in Finnegans Wake, but the physicists quark was pronounced from the beginning to rhyme with "cork".)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural [please provide])

  1. (physics) quark

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkwark/
  • Hyphenation: quàrk

Noun[edit]

quark m (invariable)

  1. (physics) quark

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • quark in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark (an elementary subatomic particle which forms matter)
  2. quark (soft creamy cheese)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English quark.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkwaɾk/, [ˈkwaɾk]

Noun[edit]

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. quark
    Hypernyms: fermión, partícula elemental

Hyponyms[edit]

See also[edit]