quartus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Latin numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 IV
4
5  → 
    Cardinal: quattuor
    Ordinal: quārtus
    Adverbial: quater
    Multiplier: quadruplex, quadruplus
    Distributive: quadrīnī, quaternī
    Fractional: quadrāns, teruncius

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷeturtos ~ *kʷetwr̥tos (whence Ancient Greek τέταρτος (tétartos), Sanskrit चतुर्थ (caturtha) and Proto-Germanic *fedurþô), from *kʷetwóres (four). Cognate to quadrus (square), from sense “four-sided”. For the phonetic development, De Vaan cites Schrijder positing *kʷtwr̥to- > (with voicing of t) *kʷdwr̥to- > *kʷadworto-, followed by dw > w (cf. Proto-Italic *swādwis > Latin suāvis). The resulting *kʷawortos would regularly become quārtus (cf. Māvors > Mārs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

quārtus (feminine quārta, neuter quārtum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. fourth, the ordinal number after tertius and before quintus

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative quārtus quārta quārtum quārtī quārtae quārta
Genitive quārtī quārtae quārtī quārtōrum quārtārum quārtōrum
Dative quārtō quārtō quārtīs
Accusative quārtum quārtam quārtum quārtōs quārtās quārta
Ablative quārtō quārtā quārtō quārtīs
Vocative quārte quārta quārtum quārtī quārtae quārta

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: cuartu
  • Catalan: quart
  • Dutch: kwart

References[edit]

  • quartus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quartus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quartus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • quartus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “quattuor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 505