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English numbers (edit)
[a], [b] ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: five
    Ordinal: fifth
    Latinate ordinal: quintary, quinary
    Reverse order ordinal: fifth to last, fifth from last, last but four
    Latinate reverse order ordinal: propreantepenultimate
    Adverbial: five times
    Multiplier: fivefold
    Latinate multiplier: quintuple
    Distributive: quintuply
    Group collective: fivesome
    Multipart collective: quintuplet, pentuplet
    Greek or Latinate collective: pentad
    Greek collective prefix: penta-
    Latinate collective prefix: quinque-
    Fractional: fifth
    Latinate fractional prefix: quintant-
    Elemental: quintuplet, pentuplet
    Greek prefix: pempto-
    Number of musicians: quintet
    Number of years: quinquennium, lustrum



From the Latin quīnārius (containing five each), from quīnī (five each”, “five at a time) + -ārius (whence the English suffix -ary); compare the French quinaire, the Italian quinario, and the Portuguese quinário. Doublet of quinarius.




Latin ordinals
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Next: senary

quinary (not comparable)

  1. Of fifth rank or order.
  2. Consisting of five things; arranged in fives.
  3. (arithmetic) To the base of five; represented by the numerals 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4.



Derived terms






quinary (plural quinaries)

  1. (astrology) Any of 72 rays associated with the Sun, six for each of the 12 houses of the Zodiac.