raca

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See also: raça

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ῥακά (rhaká), from Aramaic רֵיקָא(rēqā, worthless person) or Classical Syriac ܪܝܩܐ(rēqā, vanity).

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

raca (Ecclesiastical Latin)

  1. idiot!, putz!
    • 4th C. CE, Saint Jerome, Vulgate, Matthew 5:22:
      Quī autem dīxerit frātrī suō, raca!, reus erit conciliō.
      And whoever says to his brother, idiot!, shall be liable to answer to the council.
    • 397 CE, Tyrannius Rufinus (translator), Instituta Monachorum, question 145, original author: Basil of Caesarea, in Patrologia Latina (volume 103), Jacques-Paul Migne (editor), Paris 1851, column 538:
      Quid est raca? Respōnsum: Prōvinciālis, id est, gentīlis illīus sermō est velut convīciī leviōris, quod domesticīs et hīs quōrum fīdūciam quis gerit, dīcī solet.
      What is raca? The answer: A provincial, that is, a pagan word used for example as a mild insult, which is usually said to servants and to those who rely on you.

Noun[edit]

raca n (indeclinable) (Ecclesiastical Latin, hapax)

  1. (metonymically) the act of calling someone ‘raca’.
    • c. 393 CE, Saint Jerome, Against Jovinianus 2.31, in Patrologia Latina (volume 23), Jacques-Paul Migne (editor), Paris 1883, column 342:
      Dē eō autem quod nīteris approbāre, convīcium et homicīdium, raca et adulterium, et ōtiōsum sermōnem, et impietātem ūnō suppliciō repēnsārī, []
      As to the fact that you argue that an insult and a murder, calling somebody a putz and adultery, idle talk and impiety should be rewarded with the same punishment, []

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *rakō, *rekô (rake).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raca m

  1. rake

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian razzo, from Latin radius.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.t͡sa/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

raca f

  1. flare
  2. firework

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • raca in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Albanian rosë.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ráca f

  1. duck (aquatic bird of the family Anatidae)

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. ráca
gen. sing. ráce
singular dual plural
nominative ráca ráci ráce
accusative ráco ráci ráce
genitive ráce rác rác
dative ráci rácama rácam
locative ráci rácah rácah
instrumental ráco rácama rácami

Further reading[edit]

  • raca”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran