ratio

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ratio.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪ.ʃ(i)ˌoʊ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ratio ‎(plural ratios)

  1. A number representing a comparison between two things.
  2. (arithmetic) The relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient).
  3. (law) Short for ratio decidendi.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

Noun[edit]

ratio m ‎(plural ratios)

  1. ratio

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From rat- ‎("thought", from perfect participle of reor) +‎ -iō

Noun[edit]

ratiō f ‎(genitive ratiōnis); third declension

  1. reason, explanation
  2. calculation, account
  3. manner, method

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative ratiō ratiōnēs
genitive ratiōnis ratiōnum
dative ratiōnī ratiōnibus
accusative ratiōnem ratiōnēs
ablative ratiōne ratiōnibus
vocative ratiō ratiōnēs

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ratio” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • ratio” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • the case is exactly similar (entirely different): eadem (longe alia) est huius rei ratio
    • to have regard for; take into consideration: rationem habere alicuius rei
    • to look after, guard a person's interests, welfare: rationibus alicuius prospicere or consulere (opp. officere, obstare, adversari)
    • my interests demanded it: meae rationes ita tulerunt
    • to form a conception, notion of a thing: notionem or rationem alicuius rei in animo informare or animo concipere
    • without reflection; inconsiderately; rashly: nullo consilio, nulla ratione, temere
    • after mature deliberation: inita subductaque ratione
    • to have a theoretical knowledge of a thing: ratione, doctrina (opp. usu) aliquid cognitum habere
    • to reduce a thing to its theoretical principles; to apply theory to a thing: ad artem, ad rationem revocare aliquid (De Or. 2. 11. 44)
    • to adopt a didactic tone: ad praecipiendi rationem delābi (Q. Fr. 1. 1. 6. 18)
    • logic, dialectic: dialectica (-ae or -orum) (pure Latin disserendi ratio et scientia)
    • to arrange on strictly logical principles: ratione, eleganter (opp. nulla ratione, ineleganter, confuse) disponere aliquid
    • system: ratio; disciplina, ratio et disciplina; ars
    • to systematise: ad rationem, ad artem et praecepta revocare aliquid (De Or. 1. 41)
    • systematic, methodical knowledge: ratio et doctrina
    • to treat with scientific exactness; to classify: ad rationis praecepta accommodare aliquid
    • to upset the whole system: totam rationem evertere (pass. iacet tota ratio)
    • to proceed, carry on a discussion logically: ratione et via, via et ratione progredi, disputare (Or. 33. 116)
    • to enter on a new method: novam rationem ingredi
    • to be based on a sound principle: a certa ratione proficisci
    • to deal with a subject on scientific principles: ad philosophorum or philosophandi rationes revocare aliquid
    • to bring forward an argument (based on common-sense): rationem afferre (Verr. 3. 85. 195)
    • the conclusion proves that..: ratio or rationis conclusio efficit
    • the syllogism; reasoning: ratiocinatio, ratio
    • chronology: temporum ratio, descriptio, ordo
    • to calculate the date of an event: ad temporum rationem aliquid revocare
    • to draw a mathematical conclusion: mathematicorum ratione concludere aliquid
    • the connection of thought: ratio sententiarum
    • the connection of thought: ratio, qua sententiae inter se excipiunt.
    • to be endowed with reason: rationis participem (opp. expertem) esse
    • to be endowed with reason: ratione praeditum esse, uti
    • to act reasonably, judiciously: prudenter, considerate, consilio agere (opp. temere, nullo consilio, nulla ratione)
    • to be contrary to all reason: rationi repugnare
    • on principle: ratione; animi quodam iudicio
    • a sound and sensible system of conduct: vitae ratio bene ac sapienter instituta
    • the principles which I have followed since I came to man's estate: meae vitae rationes ab ineunte aetate susceptae (Imp. Pomp. 1. 1.)
    • to follow fixed principles of conduct: certas rationes in agendo sequi
    • finance; money-matters: ratio pecuniarum
    • account-book; ledger: codex or tabulae ratio accepti et expensi
    • to go through accounts, make a valuation of a thing: rationem alicuius rei inire, subducere
    • to do something after careful calculation: inita subductaque ratione aliquid facere
    • to balance accounts with some one: rationes putare cum aliquo
    • the accounts balance: ratio alicuius rei constat (convenit, par est)
    • the account of receipts and expenditure: ratio acceptorum et datorum (accepti et expensi) (Amic. 16. 58)
    • to keep the accounts (day-book) carefully: rationem diligenter conficere
    • to render count of a matter; to pass it for audit: rationem alicuius rei reddere
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem alicuius rei reposcere aliquem or ab aliquo
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem ab aliquo reptere de aliqua re (Cluent. 37. 104)
    • credit and financial position: fides et ratio pecuniarum
    • the interests of the state: commoda publica or rei publicae rationes
    • to further the public interests: rei publicae rationibus or simply rei publicae consulere
    • to consider a thing from a political point of view: ad rei publicae rationes aliquid referre
    • a democratic leader: homo florens in populari ratione
    • judicial organisation: ratio iudiciorum
    • to change one's tactics: rationem belli gerendi mutare (Liv. 32. 31)

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ratio f ‎(plural ratios)

  1. ratio