ratio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Ratio

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ratiō. Doublet of ration and reason.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ratio (plural ratios)

  1. A number representing a comparison between two named things.
  2. (arithmetic) The relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient).
  3. (law) Short for ratio decidendi.
  4. (Internet) The amount of comments to a post or other expression on social media relative to the number of likes; a high ratio suggests disagreement with the contents of the original post.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ratio (third-person singular simple present ratios, present participle ratioing, simple past and past participle ratioed)

  1. (transitive, Internet slang) To respond to a post or message on social media in a greater number than the number of likes the post receives, especially to condemn or mock the original poster.
    The politician's post was quickly ratioed due to its controversial nature.
    • 2019, Henry Chisholm, "'Who Cares? It's women's hoops'", Montana Kaimin (The University of Montana), 30 January 2019 - 5 February 2019, page 29:
      It used to be fun to watch tweets like that get ratioed back into their ugly corner of the internet.
    • 2021, Leigh Tauss, "Ghost Roast", INDY Week, 27 January 2021, page 4:
      And, just FYI, here's how brutally the public ratioed that tweet.
    • 2021, @suburbanpoet, "Ratio or be Ratioed: Reluctant notes on Twitter", Honi Soit (University of Sydney), Week 4, Semester 2 (2021), page 16:
      It is essential that you ratio anyone who comes for your honour.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:ratio.

Interjection[edit]

ratio

  1. (neologism, Twitter) You are wrong (in reply to a post the user disagrees with or dislikes).
    • 2021, Lil Nas X, THE MONTERO SHOW[1]:
      "Ratio. YoungBoy is better." "What?" "Make better music. You fell off."

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ratiō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraː.(t)si.oː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ra‧tio

Noun[edit]

ratio f (plural ratio's)

  1. (mathematics, countable) ratio, proportion
    Synonym: verhouding
  2. (uncountable) reason
    Synonyms: rede, verstand

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ratio. Doublet of raison and ration.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ratio m (plural ratios)

  1. (mathematics) ratio

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ratiō (reason, explanation).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ratio f (uncountable)

  1. reason, motive
    Synonyms: motivazione, motivo, ragione
  2. expedient
    Synonym: espediente

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ratus/reor (to compute) +‎ -tiō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ratiō f (genitive ratiōnis); third declension

  1. reason, reasoning, explanation, ground, motive, rationality, rationale
    qua rationefor what reason
  2. calculation, account, accounting, reckoning, computation, business
    inire rationemto count
  3. procedure, course, manner, method, mode, conduct, plan
    qua rationein what manner
    inire rationemto take an initiative, to form a plan
  4. theory, view
  5. doctrine, system, philosophy (collective body of the teachings of a school of thought)
  6. view, opinion, advice, consult
  7. register (list)
  8. regard, respect, interest, consideration
  9. reference, relation, respect

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ratiō ratiōnēs
Genitive ratiōnis ratiōnum
Dative ratiōnī ratiōnibus
Accusative ratiōnem ratiōnēs
Ablative ratiōne ratiōnibus
Vocative ratiō ratiōnēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ratio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Enrico Olivetti. Dizionario Latino
  • ratio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ratio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ratio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • the case is exactly similar (entirely different): eadem (longe alia) est huius rei ratio
    • to have regard for; take into consideration: rationem habere alicuius rei
    • to look after, guard a person's interests, welfare: rationibus alicuius prospicere or consulere (opp. officere, obstare, adversari)
    • my interests demanded it: meae rationes ita tulerunt
    • to form a conception, notion of a thing: notionem or rationem alicuius rei in animo informare or animo concipere
    • without reflection; inconsiderately; rashly: nullo consilio, nulla ratione, temere
    • after mature deliberation: inita subductaque ratione
    • to have a theoretical knowledge of a thing: ratione, doctrina (opp. usu) aliquid cognitum habere
    • to reduce a thing to its theoretical principles; to apply theory to a thing: ad artem, ad rationem revocare aliquid (De Or. 2. 11. 44)
    • to adopt a didactic tone: ad praecipiendi rationem delābi (Q. Fr. 1. 1. 6. 18)
    • logic, dialectic: dialectica (-ae or -orum) (pure Latin disserendi ratio et scientia)
    • to arrange on strictly logical principles: ratione, eleganter (opp. nulla ratione, ineleganter, confuse) disponere aliquid
    • system: ratio; disciplina, ratio et disciplina; ars
    • to systematise: ad rationem, ad artem et praecepta revocare aliquid (De Or. 1. 41)
    • systematic, methodical knowledge: ratio et doctrina
    • to treat with scientific exactness; to classify: ad rationis praecepta accommodare aliquid
    • to upset the whole system: totam rationem evertere (pass. iacet tota ratio)
    • to proceed, carry on a discussion logically: ratione et via, via et ratione progredi, disputare (Or. 33. 116)
    • to enter on a new method: novam rationem ingredi
    • to be based on a sound principle: a certa ratione proficisci
    • to deal with a subject on scientific principles: ad philosophorum or philosophandi rationes revocare aliquid
    • to bring forward an argument (based on common-sense): rationem afferre (Verr. 3. 85. 195)
    • the conclusion proves that..: ratio or rationis conclusio efficit
    • the syllogism; reasoning: ratiocinatio, ratio
    • chronology: temporum ratio, descriptio, ordo
    • to calculate the date of an event: ad temporum rationem aliquid revocare
    • to draw a mathematical conclusion: mathematicorum ratione concludere aliquid
    • the connection of thought: ratio sententiarum
    • the connection of thought: ratio, qua sententiae inter se excipiunt.
    • to be endowed with reason: rationis participem (opp. expertem) esse
    • to be endowed with reason: ratione praeditum esse, uti
    • to act reasonably, judiciously: prudenter, considerate, consilio agere (opp. temere, nullo consilio, nulla ratione)
    • to be contrary to all reason: rationi repugnare
    • on principle: ratione; animi quodam iudicio
    • a sound and sensible system of conduct: vitae ratio bene ac sapienter instituta
    • the principles which I have followed since I came to man's estate: meae vitae rationes ab ineunte aetate susceptae (Imp. Pomp. 1. 1.)
    • to follow fixed principles of conduct: certas rationes in agendo sequi
    • finance; money-matters: ratio pecuniarum
    • account-book; ledger: codex or tabulae ratio accepti et expensi
    • to go through accounts, make a valuation of a thing: rationem alicuius rei inire, subducere
    • to do something after careful calculation: inita subductaque ratione aliquid facere
    • to balance accounts with some one: rationes putare cum aliquo
    • the accounts balance: ratio alicuius rei constat (convenit, par est)
    • the account of receipts and expenditure: ratio acceptorum et datorum (accepti et expensi) (Amic. 16. 58)
    • to keep the accounts (day-book) carefully: rationem diligenter conficere
    • to render count of a matter; to pass it for audit: rationem alicuius rei reddere
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem alicuius rei reposcere aliquem or ab aliquo
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem ab aliquo reptere de aliqua re (Cluent. 37. 104)
    • credit and financial position: fides et ratio pecuniarum
    • the interests of the state: commoda publica or rei publicae rationes
    • to further the public interests: rei publicae rationibus or simply rei publicae consulere
    • to consider a thing from a political point of view: ad rei publicae rationes aliquid referre
    • a democratic leader: homo florens in populari ratione
    • judicial organisation: ratio iudiciorum
    • to change one's tactics: rationem belli gerendi mutare (Liv. 32. 31)
  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “rathone”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
  • von Wartburg, Walther (1928–2002), “ratio”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 100, page 105

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin ratio. Doublet of ración and razón.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈratjo/, [ˈra.t̪jo]

Noun[edit]

ratio f (plural ratios)

  1. (mathematics) ratio

Further reading[edit]