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See also: raudat


Raudāt aiz bēdām


Originally the iterative form of an unattested verb *raust, from *raud-ti, from Proto-Baltic *raud-, from Proto-Indo-European *rowd-, *rawd-, from an onomatopoeic (imitative) stem *rew- (crying sound) with an extra element -d. Cognates include Lithuanian raudóti (to cry loud; to mourn), Old Church Slavonic рыдати (rydati, to cry loud), Russian рыдать (rydát’), Belarusian рыдаць (rydác’), Ukrainian ридати (rydáty), Bulgarian ридая (ridája), Czech rydati, ruditi (to make sad, to sadden), Old High German riozan (to cry), Sanskrit रोदिति (róditi), रुदति (rudáti), Latin rūdere (to shout, to scream, to wail).[1]


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raudāt intr., 3rd conj. irregular, pres. raudu, raudi, raud, past raudāju

  1. to weep, to cry (to shed tears, often while breathing unevenly (sobbing) and producing inarticulate sounds, because of one's emotional state)
    raudāt aiz bēdāmto cry in grief, sadness
    raudāt aiz priekato weep with joy
    raudāt sāpēsto cry in pain
    skaļi, žēli raudātto cry loud, mournfully
    klusi raudātto cry softly
    raudāt balsīto cry loud (lit. in voice)
    raudāt rūgtas, gaužas asarasto cry bitter tears
    nelaimīgs ir cilvēks, kuram daudz jāraud; vel nelaimīgāks tas, kuram neviens pārdzīvojums nav gana dziļš, lai izraisītu asarasunhappy is the person who has to cry a lot; even unhappier is (the person) who never had a life experience deep enough to cause tears
  2. (of objects) to drip, to let liquid drops fall
    lāsteka raud un raudot aug garumāthe icicle cries, and crying it grows in length
    no debesīm vienmuļi krita pelēkas asaras, un raudāja māju jumti, un raudāja kokifrom the sky gray tears (= raindrops) fell, and the house roofs cried, and the trees cried
  3. (in the 3rd person; of certain animals) to cry (to produce long, low-pitched sounds)
    raud vālodze naktī, kā sērdiene māsathe oriole cries at night, like an orphan sister
  4. (figuratively) to make crying-like sounds
    un ieklausos: aiz loga vēji raudand I listen: behind the window (i.e., outside) the winds cry
  5. (figuratively, of musical instruments) to make sad, melancholic sounds, music
    Vitens iegulās gultā un paņēma vijoli; klusām tā raudāja viņa rokāVitens lay down in bed and took his violin; it cried softly in his hand(s)


Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “raudāt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7