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See also: récession


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Borrowed from Latin recessiō, from recēdō (recede, retreat), from re- (back) + cēdō (to go).


  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈsɛʃn̩/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃən
  • Hyphenation: re‧ces‧sion


recession (countable and uncountable, plural recessions)

  1. The act or an instance of receding or withdrawing.
    Synonym: withdrawal
    • a. 1667, Jeremy Taylor, “Of Growth in Sin”, in The Whole Works of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor, volume IV, new edition, London: Longman et al., published 1850, page 520:
      [] that light may break forth from the deepest enclosures of darkness, and mercy may rejoice upon the recessions of justice, and grace may triumph upon the ruin of sin, and God may be glorified in the miracles of our conversion, and the wonders of our preservation and glories of our being saved.
  2. (economics) A period of reduced economic activity
    Antonym: boom
    Statisticians often define a recession as negative real GDP growth during two consecutive quarters.
  3. The ceremonial filing out of clergy and/or choir at the end of a church service.
    Synonym: return procession
  4. The act of ceding something back.
  5. (surgery) This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 2011, George L. Spaeth, Helen Danesh-Meyer, Ivan Goldberg, Ophthalmic Surgery: Principles and Practice E-Book (page 467)
      Bilateral medial rectus muscle recession when angle is stable. Controversy exists regarding optimal timing of surgery. If greater than 40 prism diopter esotropia, some recommend bimedial recession with resection of one lateral rectus muscle.

Derived terms[edit]