rein

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See also: Rein, reiñ, and rein-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rein, reyne, from Anglo-Norman reyne, from Old French resne (Modern French rêne), from Vulgar Latin *retina, from Classical Latin retineō (to retain), from re- + teneō.

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. A strap or rope attached to the bridle or bit, used to control a horse, animal or young child.
  2. (figuratively) An instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing.
    • Milton
      Let their eyes rove without rein.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rein (third-person singular simple present reins, present participle reining, simple past and past participle reined)

  1. To direct or stop a horse by using reins.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Chapman
      He mounts and reins his horse.
  2. To restrain; to control; to check.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      Being once chafed, he cannot / Be reined again to temperance.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Anglo-Norman reines, Middle French reins, and their source, Latin rēnēs.

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. (now rare, archaic, chiefly in plural) A kidney.
  2. The inward impulses; the affections and passions, formerly supposed to be located in the area of the kidneys.
    • Bible, Proverbs xxiii. 16
      My reins rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
    • Bible, Revelation ii. 23
      I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch reini, rēni, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rein (comparative reiner, superlative reinst)

  1. (formal) clean, spotless
  2. pure, sheer

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of rein
uninflected rein
inflected reine
comparative reiner
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rein reiner het reinst
het reinste
indefinite m./f. sing. reine reinere reinste
n. sing. rein reiner reinste
plural reine reinere reinste
definite reine reinere reinste
partitive reins reiners

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein

  1. Instructive plural form of reki.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rēn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural) small of the back, waist

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German reini, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz, from Proto-Indo-European *króy-n-is, from *krey- (divide, sift). Cognate with Old Saxon hreni, (Low German ren), Dutch rein, Old Norse hreinn (Swedish ren), Ancient Greek κρῑ́νω (krī́nō, separate, decide, judge) Old Irish criathar, English riddle (sieve).

Adjective[edit]

rein (comparative reiner, superlative am reinsten)

  1. pure, clear, plain
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 24/2010, page 131:
      Natürlich ist eine Weltmeisterschaft kein reines Sportevent mehr, sie ist sicher auch ein bisschen Welt- und Entwicklungspolitik.
      Of course, a world championship is no longer a pure sports event, it surely is also a bit of world and development politics.
Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

rein

  1. purely
    Unsere Beziehung ist rein platonisch.
    Our relationship is purely platonic.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of herein (in here), or hinein (in there).

Adverb[edit]

rein

  1. (colloquial) inside, in here
    Er kommt jetzt rein.He's coming inside now.
  2. (colloquial) inside, in there
    Er geht rein zu den andern.He's going inside to the other people.
Usage notes[edit]

The standard language distinguishes the meanings of hinein (in there: away from the speaker) and herein (in here: towards the speaker). Rein is used for both meanings.

Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein f (genitive singular reinar, nominative plural reinar)

  1. a strip (of land)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rēn.

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (Jersey, anatomy) kidney

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinere, indefinite superlative reinest, definite superlative reineste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reiner, definite plural reinene)

  1. a reindeer
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Adjective[edit]

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinare, indefinite superlative reinast, definite superlative reinaste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reinar, definite plural reinane)

  1. a reindeer, Rangifer tarandus
    • 1855, Ivar Aasen, Ervingen:
      [] renna i Kapp med Reinen, um Raasi er tung og vaat: Dat maa ein Galning vera, som so vil fara aat.
      To race against the reindeer, if the road is soggy and wet: It must be a madman who wants to act like that.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the plural as reins, from Latin rēnes, plural of the almost unused rēn.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein m (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular reinz, nominative plural rein)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural, reins) small of the back, lower back
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See rien

Noun[edit]

rein f (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular rein, nominative plural reinz)

  1. Alternative form of rien

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. rain

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian, from Proto-Germanic *regnaz. Compare English rain, Low German Ręgen, Dutch regen, German Regen, Danish regn.

Noun[edit]

rein

  1. rain