remove

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See also: remové

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English remeven, removen, from Anglo-Norman remover, removeir, from Old French remouvoir, from Latin removēre, from re- + movēre (to move).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈmuːv/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːv

Verb[edit]

remove (third-person singular simple present removes, present participle removing, simple past and past participle removed)

  1. (transitive) To move something from one place to another, especially to take away.
    He removed the marbles from the bag.
    • 1560, Geneva Bible, The Geneva Bible#page/n182 Deuteronomy 19:14:
      Thou ſhalt not remoue thy neighbours marke, which thei of olde time haue ſet in thine inheritance, that thou ſhalt inherit the lãd, which the Lord thy God giueth the to poſſeſſe it.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 2, in The China Governess[1]:
      Now that she had rested and had fed from the luncheon tray Mrs. Broome had just removed, she had reverted to her normal gaiety.  She looked cool in a grey tailored cotton dress with a terracotta scarf and shoes and her hair a black silk helmet.
    1. (obsolete, formal) To replace a dish within a course.
      • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
        But Richmond [] appeared to lose himself in his own reflections. Some pickled crab, which he had not touched, had been removed with a damson pie; and his sister saw [] that he had eaten no more than a spoonful of that either.
  2. (transitive) To murder.
  3. (cricket, transitive) To dismiss a batsman.
  4. (transitive) To discard, set aside, especially something abstract (a thought, feeling, etc.).
  5. (intransitive, now rare) To depart, leave.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter vj, in Le Morte Darthur, book V:
      THenne the kynge dyd doo calle syre Gawayne / syre Borce / syr Lyonel and syre Bedewere / and commaunded them to goo strayte to syre Lucius / and saye ye to hym that hastely he remeue oute of my land / And yf he wil not / bydde hym make hym redy to bataylle and not distresse the poure peple
  6. (intransitive) To change one's residence; to move.
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:
      Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      Now my life began to be so easy that I began to say to myself that could I but have been safe from more savages, I cared not if I was never to remove from the place where I lived.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of, Nebraska 1987, p.20:
      Shortly after this, my father removed, and settled in the same county, about ten miles above Greenville.
    • Lim, Hiong Seng (1886) Handbook of the Swatow Vernacular, Singapore: Koh Yew Hean Press
      I am going to remove. / Where are you going to remove to? / I don't know yet. / When will you know?
  7. To dismiss or discharge from office.
    The President removed many postmasters.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

remove (plural removes)

  1. The act of removing something.
    • [1644], [John Milton], Of Education. To Master Samuel Hartlib, [London: Printed for Thomas Underhill and/or for Thomas Johnson], OCLC 946735316:
      This place should be at once both school and university, not needing a remove to any other house of scholarship.
    • 1764, Oliver Goldsmith, The Traveller
      And drags at each remove a lengthening chain.
    • 1761, John Mordant, The Complete Steward:
      There is no tree admits of transplantation so well as the Elm, for a tree of twenty years growth will admit of a remove.
  2. (archaic) Removing a dish at a meal in order to replace it with the next course, a dish thus replaced, or the replacement.
  3. (Britain) (at some public schools) A division of the school, especially the form prior to last
  4. A step or gradation (as in the phrase "at one remove")
    • December 23, 1715, Joseph Addison, The Freeloader No. 1
    • 1970, Yuri Rytkheu, Сон в начале тумана [A Dream in Polar Fog]:
      Toko returned to the men, sitting at a remove.
    • 2007, James D. McCallister, King's Highway, page 162:
      In his unfortunate absence at this far remove of 2007, Zevon's musicianship and irascible wit are as missed as ever.
  5. Distance in time or space; interval.
  6. (figurative, by extension) Emotional distance or indifference.
  7. (dated) The transfer of one's home or business to another place; a move.
  8. The act of resetting a horse's shoe.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)

References[edit]

  • OED 2nd edition 1989

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

removē

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of removeō

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

remove

  1. third-person singular present indicative of remover
  2. second-person singular imperative of remover