Replaced goupil (from Latin vulpecula) by euphemism (properly, antonomasia) – mentioning the fox by name was considered bad luck, so Renart replaced it. Compare Russian медведь (medvéd’, “bear”), literally “honey-eater”, and possibly English bear (one theory holding that its Proto-Indo-European antecedent means “brown”).
- fox, small carnivore with upright triangular ears and a pointed snout, from one of several genera of the Canidae family (Vulpes, Atelocynus, Cerdocyon, Dusicyon, Otocyon, Lycalopex, Urocyon
- crafty, purposeful and cunning character
- (slang) flatulence
- (nautical) ancient navigation tool: circular, wooden or copper plate, which enables the helmsman to keep a record of wind conditions by inserting pegs at specific positions
- hardly detectable cracks or holes causing a water tank or pond to empty itself
- “renard” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).