renuntio

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From re- +‎ nuntio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

renuntiō (present infinitive renuntiāre, perfect active renuntiāvī, supine renuntiātum); first conjugation

  1. I report or announce
  2. I reject, retract, renounce or revoke

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of renuntio (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present renuntiō renuntiās renuntiat renuntiāmus renuntiātis renuntiant
imperfect renuntiābam renuntiābās renuntiābat renuntiābāmus renuntiābātis renuntiābant
future renuntiābō renuntiābis renuntiābit renuntiābimus renuntiābitis renuntiābunt
perfect renuntiāvī renuntiāvistī, renuntiāsti1 renuntiāvit renuntiāvimus renuntiāvistis, renuntiāstis1 renuntiāvērunt, renuntiāvēre
pluperfect renuntiāveram renuntiāverās renuntiāverat renuntiāverāmus renuntiāverātis renuntiāverant
future perfect renuntiāverō renuntiāveris renuntiāverit renuntiāverimus renuntiāveritis renuntiāverint
passive present renuntior renuntiāris, renuntiāre renuntiātur renuntiāmur renuntiāminī renuntiantur
imperfect renuntiābar renuntiābāris, renuntiābāre renuntiābātur renuntiābāmur renuntiābāminī renuntiābantur
future renuntiābor renuntiāberis, renuntiābere renuntiābitur renuntiābimur renuntiābiminī renuntiābuntur
perfect renuntiātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect renuntiātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect renuntiātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present renuntiem renuntiēs renuntiet renuntiēmus renuntiētis renuntient
imperfect renuntiārem renuntiārēs renuntiāret renuntiārēmus renuntiārētis renuntiārent
perfect renuntiāverim renuntiāverīs renuntiāverit renuntiāverīmus renuntiāverītis renuntiāverint
pluperfect renuntiāvissem, renuntiāssem1 renuntiāvissēs, renuntiāsses1 renuntiāvisset, renuntiāsset1 renuntiāvissēmus, renuntiāssemus1 renuntiāvissētis, renuntiāssetis1 renuntiāvissent, renuntiāssent1
passive present renuntier renuntiēris, renuntiēre renuntiētur renuntiēmur renuntiēminī renuntientur
imperfect renuntiārer renuntiārēris, renuntiārēre renuntiārētur renuntiārēmur renuntiārēminī renuntiārentur
perfect renuntiātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect renuntiātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present renuntiā renuntiāte
future renuntiātō renuntiātō renuntiātōte renuntiantō
passive present renuntiāre renuntiāminī
future renuntiātor renuntiātor renuntiantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives renuntiāre renuntiāvisse, renuntiāsse1 renuntiātūrus esse renuntiārī renuntiātus esse renuntiātum īrī
participles renuntiāns renuntiātūrus renuntiātus renuntiandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
renuntiāre renuntiandī renuntiandō renuntiandum renuntiātum renuntiātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • renuntio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • renuntio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • renuntio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to renounce, give up a friendship: amicitiam renuntiare
    • to sever (previous) hospitable relations: hospitium renuntiare (Liv. 25. 18)
    • to offically proclaim (by the praeco, herald) a man elected consul; to return a man consul: aliquem consulem renuntiare (De Or. 2. 64. 260)