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From Middle English respounse, respons, from Old French respons, respuns, responce, ultimately from the Latin respōnsum, a nominal use of the neuter form of respōnsus, the perfect passive participle of respondeō, from re (again) + spondeō (promise).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈspɒns/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒns


response (plural responses)

  1. An answer or reply, or something in the nature of an answer or reply.
  2. The act of responding or replying; reply: as, to speak in response to a question.
  3. An oracular answer.
  4. (liturgics) A verse, sentence, phrase, or word said or sung by the choir or congregation in sequence or reply to the priest or officiant.
  5. (liturgics) A versicle or anthem said or sung during or after a lection; a respond or responsory.
  6. A reply to an objection in formal disputation.
  7. An online advertising performance metric representing one click-through from an online ad to its destination URL.
  8. A reaction to a stimulus or provocation.
    • 2013 July-August, Stephen P. Lownie, David M. Pelz, “Stents to Prevent Stroke”, in American Scientist:
      As we age, the major arteries of our bodies frequently become thickened with plaque, a fatty material with an oatmeal-like consistency that builds up along the inner lining of blood vessels. The reason plaque forms isn’t entirely known, but it seems to be related to high levels of cholesterol inducing an inflammatory response, which can also attract and trap more cellular debris over time.


  • 1338, Robert Mannyng, Middle English Chronicle
    What was his respons written, I ne sauh no herd.
  • 1842, Alfred Tennyson, The Two Voices
    Then did my response clearer fall:
    "No compound of this earthly ball
    Is like another, all in all."
  • 1874, James Sully, Sensation and Intuition, p. 17.
    There seems a vast psychological interval between an emotional response to the action of some grateful stimulus and the highly complex intellectual and emotional development implied in a distinct appreciation of objective beauty.


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  • response in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.




  1. vocative masculine singular of respōnsus

Middle French[edit]


From Old French response.


response f (plural responses)

  1. response


  • French: réponse

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Variant of the masculine noun respons (also used as the past participle of respondre), itself a semi-learned word derived from Latin responsus.


response f (oblique plural responses, nominative singular response, nominative plural responses)

  1. response