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See also: res publica


Alternative forms[edit]


From rēs ‎(thing”, “affair) + pūblica ‎(public), the feminine form of pūblicus ‎(public). Literally meaning "public thing".



rēspūblica f ‎(genitive reīpūblicae); first declension

  1. the state, nation (the sovereign polity)
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      Cn. Fuluius Centumalus P. Sulpicius Galba consules cum idibus Martiis magistratum inissent, senatu in Capitolium uocato, de re publica, de administratione belli, de prouinciis exercitibusque patres consuluerunt.
      When the consuls Gnaeus Fulvius Centumalus and Publius Sulpicius Galba took up the magistracy on the Ides of March, they summoned the senate to the Capitoline Hill and consulted the senators on issues regarding the state, the handling of the war, the provinces and the armies.
  2. a republic (a state where sovereignty rests with the people or their representatives, rather than with a monarch or emperor)


Fifth declension noun combine with first declension adjective.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rēspūblica rēspūblicae
genitive reīpūblicae rērumpūblicārum
dative reīpūblicae rēbuspūblicīs
accusative rempūblicam rēspūblicās
ablative rēpūblicā rēbuspūblicīs
vocative rēspūblica rēspūblicae

Derived terms[edit]