retard

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English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English retarden, from Anglo-Norman or Latin, from Anglo-Norman retarder, from Latin retardāre (to retard), from re- + tardus (slow).

Pronunciation

Noun (delay sense), verb
  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈtɑː(ɹ)d/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)d
  • (file)
  • (file)
Noun (offensive slang sense)

Noun

retard (plural retards)

  1. Retardation; delay.
  2. (music) A slowing down of the tempo; a ritardando.
  3. (offensive, dated) A person with mental retardation.
    The retard in our class needs special help.
  4. (informal, offensive) A person or being who is extremely stupid or slow to learn.
    • 2007, Doug Green, No Wife No Kids No Plan (→ISBN):
      “That's 'cause your dog is a retard,” the large woman retorted. The pit bull must have sensed the insult because it got up on all fours and started barking at the woman. Not one to back down from an interspecies fight, the prison lady stood up []

Usage notes

Through the euphemism treadmill, the term retard (which originated as a neutral substitute for the terms that had previously designated those with disabilities, namely idiot, imbecile, and moron) has come to be considered offensive; see Wikipedia for more. In a 2003 survey by the BBC, retard was voted the most offensive word relating to disability, followed by spastic.[1]

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

retard (third-person singular simple present retards, present participle retarding, simple past and past participle retarded)

  1. (transitive) To keep delaying; to continue to hinder; to prevent from progress
    retard the march of an army
    retard the motion of a ship
    Synonyms: impede, hinder, hold up
  2. (transitive) To put off; to postpone.
    to retard the attacks of old age
    to retard a rupture between nations
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To be slow or dilatory to perform (something).
  4. (intransitive) To decelerate; to slow down.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To stay back.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

References

  1. ^ “BBC worst word vote”, in BBC - Ouch! Disability magazine[1], retrieved 20 March 2007, archived from the original on 20 March 2007

Anagrams


French

Etymology

From the verb retarder.

Pronunciation

Noun

retard m (plural retards)

  1. delay

Derived terms

Further reading

Anagrams


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French retard (delay), from the verb retarder (to retard, slow down).

Pronunciation

Noun

retard m (definite singular retarden, indefinite plural retarder, definite plural retardene)

  1. (horology) side in a clockwork to which the adjustment indicator must be set to make the clock go slower
    Synonyms: R, r

Antonyms

References

Anagrams