reus

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Dutch[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to German Riese ‎(giant) and Old Norse risi ‎(giant).

Noun[edit]

reus m ‎(plural reuzen, diminutive reusje n, feminine reuzin)

  1. giant

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From rēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

reus m ‎(feminine rea, neuter reum); first/second declension

  1. guilty

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative reus rea reum reī reae rea
genitive reī reae reī reōrum reārum reōrum
dative reō reō reīs
accusative reum ream reum reōs reās rea
ablative reō reā reō reīs
vocative ree rea reum reī reae rea

Noun[edit]

reus m ‎(genitive reī); second declension

  1. defendant, accused
  2. plaintiff

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative reus reī
genitive reī reōrum
dative reō reīs
accusative reum reōs
ablative reō reīs
vocative ree reī

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • reus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • reus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put some one on the list of the accused: referre in reos aliquem
    • some one is accused: aliquis reus fit (Fam. 13. 54)
    • (ambiguous) to have time for a thing: tempus habere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to devote time to anything: tempus tribuere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to make not the slightest effort; not to stir a finger: manum non vertere alicuius rei causa
    • (ambiguous) the case is exactly similar (entirely different): eadem (longe alia) est huius rei ratio
    • (ambiguous) to commence a thing: initium facere, ducere, sumere (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem facere alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem imponere, afferre, constituere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to have regard for; take into consideration: rationem habere alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) the decision of the question rests with you: penes te arbitrium huius rei est
    • (ambiguous) to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: occasionem alicui dare, praebere alicuius rei or ad aliquid faciendum
    • (ambiguous) to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: facultatem alicui dare alicuius rei or ut possit...
    • (ambiguous) no opportunity of carrying out an object presents itself: nulla est facultas alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to make trial of; to risk: periculum facere alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to suffer from want of a thing: inopia alicuius rei laborare, premi
    • (ambiguous) to throw away, sacrifice: iacturam alicuius rei facere
    • (ambiguous) to consider of importance; to set much (some) store by a thing: multum (aliquid) alicui rei tribuere
    • (ambiguous) the stipulated reward for anything: pacta merces alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to inform a person: certiorem facere aliquem (alicuius rei or de aliqua re)
    • (ambiguous) to mention a thing: mentionem facere alicuius rei or de aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to mention a thing incidentally, casually: in mentionem alicuius rei incidere
    • (ambiguous) to mention a thing incidentally, casually: mentio alicuius rei incidit
    • (ambiguous) to expend great labour on a thing: egregiam operam (multum, plus etc. operae) dare alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to expend great labour on a thing: operam alicui rei tribuere, in aliquid conferre
    • (ambiguous) to be engaged upon a matter: intentum esse alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) something comes into my mind: mihi in mentem venit alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to form a conception, notion of a thing: notionem or rationem alicuius rei in animo informare or animo concipere
    • (ambiguous) to have formed an ideal notion of a thing: comprehensam quandam animo speciem (alicuius rei) habere
    • (ambiguous) to infer by comparison, judge one thing by another: coniecturam alicuius rei facere or capere ex aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) what is the meaning of this: quid hoc rei est?
    • (ambiguous) to retard, delay a thing: moram alicui rei afferre, inferre, facere
    • (ambiguous) to remember a thing perfectly: memoriam alicuius rei tenere
    • (ambiguous) to recall a thing to one's recollection: memoriam alicuius rei renovare, revocare (redintegrare)
    • (ambiguous) to recall to mind a thing or person: memoriam alicuius rei repetere
    • (ambiguous) to picture to oneself again: memoriam alicuius rei repraesentare (opp. memoriam alicuius rei deponere, abicere)
    • (ambiguous) to retain the recollection of a thing: memoriam alicuius rei conservare, retinere
    • (ambiguous) the memory of this will never fade from my mind: numquam ex animo meo memoria illius rei discedet
    • (ambiguous) I forget something: oblivio alicuius rei me capit
    • (ambiguous) to make a person forget a thing: aliquem in oblivionem alicuius rei adducere (pass. in oblivionem venire)
    • (ambiguous) the recollection of a thing has been entirely lost: memoria alicuius rei excidit, abiit, abolevit
    • (ambiguous) to be forgotten, pass into oblivion: memoria alicuius rei obscuratur, obliteratur, evanescit
    • (ambiguous) to acquire knowledge of a subject: scientiam alicuius rei consequi
    • (ambiguous) to have as authority for a thing: auctorem aliquem habere alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to make an obscure notion clear by means of definition: involutae rei notitiam definiendo aperire (Or. 33. 116)
    • (ambiguous) a proof of this is that..: argumento huic rei est, quod
    • (ambiguous) my zeal for a thing has led me too far: studio alicuius rei provectus sum
    • (ambiguous) we have no expression for that: huic rei deest apud nos vocabulum
    • (ambiguous) to be in suspense, waiting for a thing: exspectatione alicuius rei pendēre (animi) (Leg. Agr. 2. 25. 66)
    • (ambiguous) to pardon some one: alicui veniam dare (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to long for a thing, yearn for it: desiderio alicuius rei teneri, affici (more strongly flagrare, incensum esse)
    • (ambiguous) to have enthusiasm for a person or thing: studio ardere alicuius or alicuius rei (De Or. 2. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to make some one enthusiastic for a thing: studio alicuius rei aliquem incendere
    • (ambiguous) to make some one believe a thing: fidem alicuius rei facere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to believe in, trust in a thing: fidem tribuere, adiungere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to have great confidence in a thing: fiduciam (alicuius rei) habere
    • (ambiguous) to confirm, ratify, sanction something: fidem addere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to make a thing credible: fidem facere, afferre alicui rei (opp. demere, de-, abrogare fidem)
    • (ambiguous) to be suspected of a thing: suspicionem alicuius rei habere
    • (ambiguous) a suspicion falls on some one: suspicio (alicuius rei) cadit in aliquem, pertinet ad aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to have no presentiment of a thing: a suspicione alicuius rei abhorrere
    • (ambiguous) the revolting nature of an action: indignitas, atrocitas rei (Mur. 25. 51)
    • (ambiguous) to revenge oneself for a thing: ulcisci aliquid, poenas alicuius rei expetere
    • (ambiguous) to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: poenas alicuius or alicuius rei repetere ab aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be fired with desire of a thing: cupiditate alicuius rei accensum, inflammatum esse
    • (ambiguous) to have an ardent longing for a thing: cupiditate alicuius rei ardere, flagrare
    • (ambiguous) to have the appearance of something: speciem alicuius rei habere
    • (ambiguous) to give the impression of...; have the outward aspect of..: speciem alicuius rei praebere
    • (ambiguous) apparently; to look at: per speciem (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) under pretext, pretence of..: per simulationem, simulatione alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to have an inclination for a thing: studere alicui rei, studiosum esse alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to have an inclination for a thing: studio alicuius rei teneri
    • (ambiguous) to set a limit to a thing: modum facere, statuere, constituere alicui rei or alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to come into the possession of something: in possessionem alicuius rei venire
    • (ambiguous) to take forcible possession of a thing: in possessionem alicuius rei invadere
    • (ambiguous) to give up a thing to some one else: possessione alicuius rei cedere alicui (Mil. 27. 75)
    • (ambiguous) to fix a price for a thing: pretium alicui rei statuere, constituere (Att. 13. 22)
    • (ambiguous) to go through accounts, make a valuation of a thing: rationem alicuius rei inire, subducere
    • (ambiguous) the accounts balance: ratio alicuius rei constat (convenit, par est)
    • (ambiguous) to compute the total of anything: summam facere alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to render count of a matter; to pass it for audit: rationem alicuius rei reddere
    • (ambiguous) to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem alicuius rei reposcere aliquem or ab aliquo
    • (ambiguous) want of corn; scarcity in the corn-market: inopia (opp. copia) rei frumentariae
    • (ambiguous) the constitution: forma rei publicae
    • (ambiguous) to have the management of the state: rei publicae praeesse
    • (ambiguous) to hold the reins of government: ad gubernacula (metaph. only in plur.) rei publicae sedere
    • (ambiguous) to hold the reins of government: clavum rei publicae tenere
    • (ambiguous) to hold the reins of government: gubernacula rei publicae tractare
    • (ambiguous) to take no part in politics: rei publicae deesse (opp. adesse)
    • (ambiguous) to further the common weal: saluti rei publicae non deesse
    • (ambiguous) for political reasons: rei publicae causa (Sest. 47. 101)
    • (ambiguous) the welfare of the state: summa res publica (or summa rei publicae)
    • (ambiguous) the interests of the state: commoda publica or rei publicae rationes
    • (ambiguous) to further the public interests: rei publicae rationibus or simply rei publicae consulere
    • (ambiguous) to consider a thing from a political point of view: ad rei publicae rationes aliquid referre
    • (ambiguous) to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: omnes curas in rei publicae salute defigere (Phil. 14. 5. 13)
    • (ambiguous) to devote oneself body and soul to the good of the state: totum et animo et corpore in salutem rei publicae se conferre
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)
    • (ambiguous) a man's policy is aiming at, directed towards..: alicuius in re publica or capessendae rei publicae consilia eo spectant, ut...
    • (ambiguous) banished from public life: rei publicae muneribus orbatus
    • (ambiguous) an independent spirit: a partibus rei publicae animus liber (Sall. Cat. 4. 2)
    • (ambiguous) owing to political dissension: ex rei publicae dissensione
    • (ambiguous) revolution: conversio rei publicae (Div. 2. 2. 6)
    • (ambiguous) to endanger the existence of the state: statum rei publicae convellere
    • (ambiguous) to cite a person to give evidence on a matter: aliquem testem alicuius rei (in aliquid) citare
    • (ambiguous) to strike a person's name off the list of the accused: eximere de reis aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to charge some one with a capital offence: accusare aliquem rei capitalis (rerum capitalium)
    • (ambiguous) some one is to blame in a matter; it is some one's fault: culpa alicuius rei est in aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to bear the blame of a thing: culpam alicuius rei sustinere
    • (ambiguous) to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to suffer punishment: poenam (alicuius rei) ferre, perferre
    • (ambiguous) to be punished for a thing, expiate it: poenam luere (alicuius rei) (Sull. 27. 76)
    • (ambiguous) to look after the commissariat: rei frumentariae prospicere (B. G. 1. 23)
    • (ambiguous) to have had no experience in war: rei militaris rudem esse
    • (ambiguous) this shows, proves..: documento, indicio est (without demonstr. pron. but cui rei documento, indicio est)