robot

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: robót, robòt, and róbot

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Robot, from a West Slavonic language, ultimately related to Etymology 2, below.

Noun[edit]

robot (uncountable)

  1. (now historical) A system of serfdom used in Central Europe, under which a tenant's rent was paid in forced labour. [from 19th c.]
    • 1849, Littell's Living Age, vol. 23, p. 309:
      “I say again, down with the robot!—he is a dog who yields it!”
    • 2007, Tim Blanning, The Pursuit of Glory, Penguin 2008, p. 159:
      Although the robot varied from region to region, it was rarely less than burdensome.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Czech robot, from robota (drudgery, servitude). Coined in the 1920 science-fiction play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek after having been suggested to him by his brother Josef, and taken into English without change.[1]

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robots)

Industrial robot handling flat glass.
  1. (chiefly science fiction) An intelligent mechanical being designed to look like a human or other creature, and usually made from metal. [from 20th c.]
    • 2010 January 26, Tom Chivers and Iain McDiarmid, The Telegraph:
      The robots in Dick's novel, loosely adapted by Ridley Scott into the film Blade Runner, were so similar to humans that when they went rogue, trained bounty hunters were called in to perform psychological tests to see whether suspected androids lacked human empathy.
  2. A machine built to carry out some complex task or group of tasks by physically moving, especially one which can be programmed. [from 20th c.]
    We have a robot in the house that does the vacuuming.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:robot
    Hypernym: automaton
    Hyponym: android
    • 2010 May 16, Tim Webb, The Guardian:
      It's painfully slow and complex work which has never been attempted before in these conditions: the small box-shaped robots, equipped with two claws, are operating in almost freezing water 5,000ft below the surface, in pitch black and strong currents.
  3. (figuratively) A person who does not seem to have any emotions. [from 20th c.]
    • 2006, Murray N. Rothbard, Making Economic Sense, page xiv:
      Yet surely he was a humorless robot of a man, spewing forth lonely and bitter critiques of all those lesser mortals with whom he could not identify.
  4. (South Africa) A traffic light (from earlier robot policeman). [from 20th c.]
  5. (surveying) A theodolite which follows the movements of a prism and can be used by a one-man crew.
  6. (dance) A style of dance popular in disco in which the dancer imitates the stiff movements of a stereotypical android robot.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Hindi: रोबोट (roboṭ)
  • Japanese: ロボット (robotto)
  • Korean: 로봇 (robot)
  • Swahili: roboti
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adams, Caralee (2021-03-24), “Major SciFi Discovery Hiding in Plain Sight at the Internet Archive”, in Internet Archive Blogs[1] (in English), Internet Archive

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robotte)

  1. robot
  2. traffic light
    • 1997, Riana Scheepers, Dogters van Afrika. Verhale oor Suid-Afrikaanse Vroue, Tafelberg (publ.).
      As die robotte na groen oorslaan, brul hulle en storm vorentoe.
      When the traffic lights switch to green, they roar and storm forward.

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /robot/, [ro̞.β̞o̞t̪]

Noun[edit]

robot anim

  1. robot

Declension[edit]

Declension of robot (animate, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive robot robota robotak
ergative robotek robotak robotek
dative roboti robotari robotei
genitive roboten robotaren roboten
comitative robotekin robotarekin robotekin
causative robotengatik robotarengatik robotengatik
benefactive robotentzat robotarentzat robotentzat
instrumental robotez robotaz robotez
inessive robotengan robotarengan robotengan
locative
allative robotengana robotarengana robotengana
terminative robotenganaino robotarenganaino robotenganaino
directive robotenganantz robotarenganantz robotenganantz
destinative robotenganako robotarenganako robotenganako
ablative robotengandik robotarengandik robotengandik
partitive robotik
prolative robot-tzat

Further reading[edit]

  • robot” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • robot” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English robot, from Czech robot, from robota (drudgery, servitude). Coined in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek after having been suggested to him by his brother Josef.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

robot

  1. a machine built to carry out some complex task or group of tasks by physically moving, especially one which can be programmed
  2. an intelligent mechanical being designed to look like a human or other creature, and usually made from metal
  3. (figuratively) a person who does not seem to have any emotions
  4. a style of dance popular in disco whereby the dancer impersonates the movement of a robot

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From robota. Coined by Josef Čapek, it first appeared in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. by his brother Karel Čapek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m

  1. robot

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • robot in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • robot in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot c (singular definite robotten, plural indefinite robotter)

  1. robot

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed, likely from German Robot, from Czech robot. The plural is likely influenced by English or French.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈroː.bɔt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots or robotten, diminutive robotje n)

  1. robot [from 1921]
    Synonym: kunstmens

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrobot]
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot
  • Rhymes: -ot

Etymology 1[edit]

From Bavarian robat, robold, from Czech robota (forced labour, drudgery).

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robotok)

  1. (historical) socage, forced labour
  2. (figuratively) hard work, drudgery
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative robot robotok
accusative robotot robotokat
dative robotnak robotoknak
instrumental robottal robotokkal
causal-final robotért robotokért
translative robottá robotokká
terminative robotig robotokig
essive-formal robotként robotokként
essive-modal
inessive robotban robotokban
superessive roboton robotokon
adessive robotnál robotoknál
illative robotba robotokba
sublative robotra robotokra
allative robothoz robotokhoz
elative robotból robotokból
delative robotról robotokról
ablative robottól robotoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
roboté robotoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
robotéi robotokéi
Possessive forms of robot
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. robotom robotjaim
2nd person sing. robotod robotjaid
3rd person sing. robotja robotjai
1st person plural robotunk robotjaink
2nd person plural robototok robotjaitok
3rd person plural robotjuk robotjaik
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Czech robot, from robota (forced labour, drudgery). Coined in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek.

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robotok)

  1. robot
Declension[edit]

Same as above.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • (socage; drudgery): robot in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roˈbo/**, /roˈbɔ/**, /roˈbɔt/[1]
  • Rhymes: -o, , -ɔt
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bòt

Noun[edit]

robot m (invariable)

  1. robot
  2. (computing) bot

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ robot in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]


Jamaican Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹʷoː.bʌt/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

robot (plural: robot dem or robots dem, quantified: robot)

  1. An illegal taxi.
    • 2013, “Robot – Patois Definition”, in Jamaican Patwah[2] (in English):
      “Slang expression for a vehicle that is operating as a taxi without the proper license that is required. []
    Mi n'ave nuh big money fi spen' pon taxi. See one robot a come deh. Mek wi tek it.
    I don't have a lot of money to spend on a cab. Here's an illegal taxi. Let's take that.

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

robot (tr., 2nd conj., pres. roboju, robo, robo, past roboju)

  1. to notch
  2. to jag
  3. to make an incision (on)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robota

Noun[edit]

robot m (definite singular roboten, indefinite plural roboter, definite plural robotene)

  1. a robot

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robota

Noun[edit]

robot m (definite singular roboten, indefinite plural robotar, definite plural robotane)

  1. a robot

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m inan

  1. robot

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective
nouns

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
adverb
nouns
verb

Further reading[edit]

  • robot in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • robot in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. Alternative form of robô

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French robot, from Czech robot.

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural roboți)

  1. robot

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rôbot/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

rȍbot m (Cyrillic spelling ро̏бот)

  1. robot

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robọ̑t m anim

  1. robot

Inflection[edit]

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. robót
gen. sing. robóta
singular dual plural
nominative robót robóta robóti
accusative robóta robóta robóte
genitive robóta robótov robótov
dative robótu robótoma robótom
locative robótu robótih robótih
instrumental robótom robótoma robóti

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English robot, from Czech.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roˈbot/, [roˈβ̞ot̪]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Czech robotnik or robota (worker; serf). Coined by Czech author Karel Čapek in 1920 via the play R.U.R.. Attested in Swedish since 1921.

In weaponry sense attested since 1944.

Noun[edit]

robot c

  1. robot (machine that carry out complex tasks)
  2. (weaponry) missile
    Synonym: missil
    Holonym: robotsystem
    Hypernym: robotvapen
    Hyponyms: kryssningsrobot, luftvärnsrobot, sjömålsrobot

Declension[edit]

Declension of robot 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative robot roboten robotar robotarna
Genitive robots robotens robotars robotarnas

Derived terms[edit]

(Robot):

(Weaponry):

References[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot
  • IPA(key): /ˈɾobot/

Noun[edit]

robot

  1. robot

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French robot, from Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɾo.ˈbot/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

robot (definite accusative robotu, plural robotlar)

  1. robot [from 1933]

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative robot
Definite accusative robotu
Singular Plural
Nominative robot robotlar
Definite accusative robotu robotları
Dative robota robotlara
Locative robotta robotlarda
Ablative robottan robotlardan
Genitive robotun robotların

References[edit]