1533, "to turn over in the mind," also "to chew cud" (1547), from Latin rūminātus, past participle of rūmināre (“to chew the cud, turn over in the mind”), from rūmen (“the throat, gullet”), of uncertain origin.
- (intransitive) To chew cud. (Said of ruminants.) Involves regurgitating partially digested food from the rumen.
- A camel will ruminate just as a cow will.
- (intransitive) To meditate or reflect.
- I didn't answer right away because I needed to ruminate first.
- 2020 April 8, David Clough, “How the West Coast wiring war was won”, in Rail, page 59:
- Meanwhile, the MoT had itself also been ruminating on options for the northern half of the route.
- (transitive) To meditate or ponder over; to muse on.
- c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iii]:
- What I know / Is ruminated, plotted, and set down.
- 1697, “Cinyras and Myrrha”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 403869432:
- Mad with desire, she ruminates her sin.
|present||I ruminate||we ruminate||I am ruminating||we are ruminating||I have ruminated||we have ruminated||I have been ruminating||we have been ruminating|
|you ruminate||you ruminate||you are ruminating||you are ruminating||you have ruminated||you have ruminated||you have been ruminating||you have been ruminating|
|he ruminates||they ruminate||he is ruminating||they are ruminating||he has ruminated||they have ruminated||he has been ruminating||they have been ruminating|
|past||I ruminated||we ruminated||I was ruminating||we were ruminating||I had ruminated||we had ruminated||I had been ruminating||we had been ruminating|
|you ruminated||you ruminated||you were ruminating||you were ruminating||you had ruminated||you had ruminated||you had been ruminating||you had been ruminating|
|he ruminated||they ruminated||he was ruminating||they were ruminating||he had ruminated||they had ruminated||he had been ruminating||they had been ruminating|
|future||I will ruminate||we will ruminate||I will be ruminating||we will be ruminating||I will have ruminated||we will have ruminated||I will have been ruminating||we will have been ruminating|
|you will ruminate||you will ruminate||you will be ruminating||you will be ruminating||you will have ruminated||you will have ruminated||you will have been ruminating||you will have been ruminating|
|he will ruminate||they will ruminate||he will be ruminating||they will be ruminating||he will have ruminated||they will have ruminated||he will have been ruminating||they will have been ruminating|
|conditional||I would ruminate||we would ruminate||I would be ruminating||we would be ruminating||I would have ruminated||we would have ruminated||I would have been ruminating||we would have been ruminating|
|you would ruminate||you would ruminate||you would be ruminating||you would be ruminating||you would have ruminated||you would have ruminated||you would have been ruminating||you would have been ruminating|
|he would ruminate||they would ruminate||he would be ruminating||they would be ruminating||he would have ruminated||they would have ruminated||he would have been ruminating||they would have been ruminating|
ruminate (not comparable)
- (botany) Having a hard albumen penetrated by irregular channels filled with softer matter, as the nutmeg and the seeds of the North American papaw.
- a ruminate endosperm
- ruminate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- ruminate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- ruminate at OneLook Dictionary Search