saccharine

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From New Latin saccharum (sugar) + English -ine (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives).[1] Saccharum is derived from saccharon (syrupy liquid from bamboo or reeds), from Ancient Greek σάκχαρον (sákkharon), from Pali sakkharā (sugar; gravel; granule, grain; crystal; potsherd), from Sanskrit शर्करा (śárkarā, ground or candied sugar; cotton sugar, sugarmaple; gravel, grit, pebbles; potsherd), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh₂ (boulder; gravel).

Adjective[edit]

saccharine (comparative more saccharine, superlative most saccharine)

  1. (dated) Of or relating to sugar; sugary.
    Synonym: (archaic, rare) saccharous
  2. (dated) Containing a large or excessive amount of sugar.
    Synonyms: cloying, sickly, sickly sweet
  3. (figuratively, derogatory) Excessively sweet in action or disposition, especially if romantic or sentimental to the point of ridiculousness; sickly sweet, syrupy.
    Synonyms: cloying, precious, saccharined, sickly, twee
    Antonym: nonsaccharine
  4. (chiefly botany, geology) Resembling granulated sugar; saccharoid.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Noun[edit]

saccharine (uncountable)

  1. (dated) Something which is saccharine or sweet; sugar.
  2. (figuratively) Sentimentalism.
    • 1960, H[erbert] E[rnest] Bates, An Aspidistra in Babylon: Four Novellas, London: Michael Joseph, OCLC 1186170, page 31:
      If Captain Archie Blaine regarded these outpourings as so much adolescent saccharine he never revealed it by a single word, a smile or the flicker of an eye.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From saccharin +‎ -ine (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives).

Adjective[edit]

saccharine (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to saccharin (a white, crystalline powder, C7H5NO3S, used as an artificial sweetener in food products).
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A variant of saccharin.

Noun[edit]

saccharine (plural saccharines)

  1. Alternative spelling of saccharin

References[edit]

  1. ^ saccharine, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present; compare “saccharine, adj. and n..”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1909.

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saccharine f (plural saccharines)

  1. saccharin

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

saccharīne

  1. vocative masculine singular of saccharīnus