sad

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: SAD, säd, sąd, sáð, and сад

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
      She gets sad when he's away.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
      The puppy had a sad little face.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      It's a sad fact that most rapes go unreported.
      • (Can we date this quote by G. K. Chesterton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
        The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
      That's the saddest-looking pickup truck I've ever seen.
      • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.127:
        Heaven knows what cash he got, or blood he spilt, / A sad old fellow was he, if you please [].
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
        this is either used crude, and called Sulphur Vive, and is of a sadder colour; or after depuration, such as we have in magdeleons of rolls, of a lighter yellow.
      • (Can we date this quote by Izaak Walton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        sad-coloured clothes
      • (Can we date this quote by John Mortimer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. [], London: Printed [by John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book II, canto IX:
      Vprose Sir Guyon, in bright armour clad, / And to his purposd iourney him prepar'd: / With him the Palmer eke in habit sad, / Him selfe addrest to that aduenture hard []
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      ripe and sad courage
    • (Can we date this quote by John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
    • (Can we date this quote by Isaac Taylor and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.
    • 1859, Ferna Vale, Natalie; or, A Gem Among the Sea-Weeds:
      Mr. Santon laughed, and merely said,—"Oh, you cruel beauty!" returning to his paper again; but, seated in the bay-window was one, who could not thus lightly look upon the conduct of the coquettish Winnie, for it was evident she was a sad coquette.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
    I can't believe you use drugs; you're so sad!
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    sad bread
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      his hand, more sad than lump of lead
    • (Can we date this quote by John Mortimer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

sad (third-person singular simple present sads, present participle sadding, simple past and past participle sadded)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make melancholy; to sadden or grieve (someone).
    • 16??, John Webster, Appius and Virginia
      My father's wondrous pensive, and withal / With a suppress'd rage left his house displeas'd, / And so in post is hurried to the camp: / It sads me much; to expel which melancholy, / I have sent for company.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad (Arabic letter)

Anagrams[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: sad

Adverb[edit]

sad

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sadek.

Noun[edit]

sad

  1. precipitation (hail, rain, snow)

Lower Sorbian[edit]

sad

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant). Compare Serbo-Croatian saditi and Russian сад (sad)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plant nursery, plantation, orchard (specialized facility rather than a home garden)
  2. a seeding or sapling from a plant nursery
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȃd m inan

  1. fruit

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, mobile accent, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. sád
gen. sing. sadú
singular dual plural
nominative sád sadôva sadôvi
accusative sád sadôva sadôve
genitive sadú sadôv sadôv
dative sádu sadôvoma sadôvom
locative sádu sadôvih sadôvih
instrumental sádom sadôvoma sadôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. sád
gen. sing. sáda
singular dual plural
nominative sád sáda sádi
accusative sád sáda sáde
genitive sáda sádov sádov
dative sádu sádoma sádom
locative sádu sádih sádih
instrumental sádom sádoma sádi

Wakhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Tajik сад (sad).

Numeral[edit]

sad

  1. hundred