sad

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See also: SAD, säd, sąd, sáð, and сад

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
      She gets sad when he's away.
      • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
        First were we sad, fearing you would not come; / Now sadder, that you come so unprovided.
      • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
        The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
      The puppy had a sad little face.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      It's a sad fact that most rapes go unreported.
      • (Can we date this quote?) G. K. Chesterton
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
        The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
      That's the saddest-looking pickup truck I've ever seen.
      • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.127:
        Heaven knows what cash he got, or blood he spilt, / A sad old fellow was he, if you please [].
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
        this is either used crude, and called Sulphur Vive, and is of a sadder colour; or after depuration, such as we have in magdeleons of rolls, of a lighter yellow.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Izaak Walton
        sad-coloured clothes
      • (Can we date this quote?) John Mortimer
        Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
    I can't believe you use drugs; you're so sad!
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    sad bread
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad

Anagrams[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: sad

Adverb[edit]

sad

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See Russian сад (sad)

Noun[edit]

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sad in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sad in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sadek.

Noun[edit]

sad

  1. precipitiation (hail, rain, snow)

Lower Sorbian[edit]

sad

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant),
compare saditi and Russian сад (sad)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plantation nursery
  2. a young plant from a plantation nursery
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sad”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018
  • sad”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sád m inan (genitive sadú or sáda, nominative plural sadôvi or sádi)

  1. fruit

Declension[edit]


Wakhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Tajik сад (sad).

Numeral[edit]

sad

  1. hundred