From Middle English sanguine, from Old French sanguin, ultimately from Latin sanguineus (“of blood”), from sanguis (“blood”), of uncertain origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (“blood”). Doublet of sanguineous.
- (literary) Having the colour of blood; blood red. [from late 14th c.]
- (obsolete, physiology) Having a bodily constitution characterised by a preponderance of blood over the other bodily humours, thought to be marked by irresponsible mirth; indulgent in pleasure to the exclusion of important matters.
- Characterized by abundance and active circulation of blood.
- a sanguine bodily temperament
- 1833, R. J. Bertin, Charles W. Chauncy, transl., Treatise on the Diseases of the Heart, and Great Vessels, Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blnachard, page 188:
- Eleonore Lemindre, aged 34, tailoress, of a sanguine lymphatic temperament, having suffered great depression of spirits, experienced, in the course of 1820, symptoms of what is called disease of the heart.
- Warm; ardent.
- a sanguine temper
- Anticipating the best; optimistic; confident; full of hope. [from early 16th c.]
- Antonym: despondent
- 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, volume I, chapter 18:
- Mrs. Weston was exceedingly disappointed—much more disappointed, in fact, than her husband, though her dependence on seeing the young man had been so much more sober: but a sanguine temper, though for ever expecting more good than occurs, does not always pay for its hopes by any proportionate depression. It soon flies over the present failure, and begins to hope again.
- 1857, Anthony Trollope, Barchester Towers, Volume the Second, page 79 →ISBN
- It was clear that Dr. Gwynne was not very sanguine as to the effects of his journey to Barchester, and not over anxious to interfere with the bishop.
- I'm sanguine about the eventual success of the project.
- (archaic) Full of blood; bloody.
- (archaic) Bloodthirsty.
Not to be confused with sanguinary.
sanguine (plural sanguines)
- Blood colour; red.
- Anything of a blood-red colour, as cloth.
- (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey).
- Red crayon.
- (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)
sanguine f (plural sanguines)
- (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey, which is mûre in French).
- “sanguine” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
sanguine m (plural sanguini)
- sanguine in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
- Having a bloody-red hue; coloured in sanguine or a similar colour.
- Under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour (inherently or in the current case)
- Due to the influence or presence of a dangerous profusion of blood.
- Made of or created from blood (as a humour); bloody.
- English: sanguine
- “sanguin(e, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-10.
sanguine (plural sanguynes)
- A bloody red colour; sanguine or blood red.
- A kind of fabric that is sanguine-coloured or the colour of blood.
- Blood as one of the four cardinal humours believed to influence health and mood.
- (rare) A swollen region or edema attributed to an excess of blood.
- (rare) A person primarily under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour.
- English: sanguine
- “sanguin(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-10.