scheren

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See also: Scheren

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch schēren, from Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

Verb[edit]

scheren

  1. to shave (reflexive pronouns are used for self-directed actions)
    hij scheert zich nuhe's shaving now
    de arts scheerde de huid rond the wond van de patiëntthe doctor shaved the skin around the patient's wound
  2. to shear
    morgen gaan ze de schapen scherenthey will shear the sheep tomorrow
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of scheren (strong class 4)
infinitive scheren
past singular schoor
past participle geschoren
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer schoor
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (u) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert schoort
3rd person singular scheert schoor
plural scheren schoren
subjunctive sing.1 schere schore
subjunctive plur.1 scheren schoren
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend geschoren
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

scheren

  1. to skim, fleet; to go over something really quickly
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of scheren (weak)
infinitive scheren
past singular scheerde
past participle gescheerd
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer scheerde
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (u) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert scheerde
3rd person singular scheert scheerde
plural scheren scheerden
subjunctive sing.1 schere scheerde
subjunctive plur.1 scheren scheerden
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend gescheerd
1) Archaic.

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

scheren

  1. Plural form of scheer

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut). Akin to Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, West Frisian skeare, English shear, Danish skære.

Verb[edit]

scheren (class 4 strong, third-person singular simple present schiert, past tense schor, past participle geschoren, past subjunctive schöre, auxiliary haben) (transitive)

  1. (transitive) to shear (sheep)
    • 1813 July 19, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen[1], page 1151–1152:
      Unser Verfasser widerspricht hier einer Meinung einiger Naturforscher (…), daß durch das öftere Abschneiden zwar das einzelne Haar an Stärke zunehme, aber die Anzahl der einzelnen Haare darum nicht wachse. Wäre diese Behauptung richtig, so müßte die Wolle von zweyschurigen Schafen gröber seyn, als von einschurigen, und die Wolle müßte um so feiner seyn, je seltener man die Schafe schiert.
  2. (transitive) to clip; to prune (a hedge)
  3. (transitive) to cut; to trim (hair, especially beardhair)
  4. (transitive) to bother (someone); to trouble (someone)
  5. (reflexive, colloquial, with um) to care (about something); to mind (something)
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, but guesswise it can be related with Proto-Slavic *skorъ (fast) (Old Church Slavonic скоръ, Russian скорый etc.), Lithuanian Limburgish skėrỹs (grasshopper), Greek Ancient Greek σκαίρειν (skaírein, to jump), or be put to Old High German skerōn (to be bold) wherefrom there are Scherz, scherzen and which is related to schrecken.[1] Also regard the adjective schier.

Verb[edit]

scheren (third-person singular simple present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to go into a certain direction
  2. (reflexive, colloquial) to scram; to beat it (often as wegscheren)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Corruption of the strong verb.

Verb[edit]

scheren (third-person singular simple present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bother (someone); to trouble (someone)
  2. (reflexive, colloquial, with um) to care (about something); to mind (something)
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfgang Pfeifer: Etymologisches Wörterbuch.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

Verb[edit]

schēren

  1. to shave

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • scheren (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • scheren (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929