scheren

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See also: Scheren

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsxeː.rə(n)/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sche‧ren
  • Rhymes: -eːrən

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch schēren, from Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-West Germanic *skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

Verb[edit]

scheren

  1. (transitive, reflexive) to shave (reflexive pronouns are used for self-directed actions)
    hij scheert zich nuhe's shaving now
    de arts scheerde de huid rond de wond van de patiëntthe doctor shaved the skin around the patient's wound
  2. (transitive) to shear
    morgen gaan ze de schapen scherenthey will shear the sheep tomorrow
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of scheren (strong class 4)
infinitive scheren
past singular schoor
past participle geschoren
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer schoor
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (u) scheert schoor
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert schoort
3rd person singular scheert schoor
plural scheren schoren
subjunctive sing.1 schere schore
subjunctive plur.1 scheren schoren
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend geschoren
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: skeer
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: skeri
  • Negerhollands: skeer
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: skler, scar
  • Sranan Tongo: sker

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

scheren

  1. to skim, fleet; to go over something really quickly
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of scheren (weak)
infinitive scheren
past singular scheerde
past participle gescheerd
infinitive scheren
gerund scheren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheer scheerde
2nd person sing. (jij) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (u) scheert scheerde
2nd person sing. (gij) scheert scheerde
3rd person singular scheert scheerde
plural scheren scheerden
subjunctive sing.1 schere scheerde
subjunctive plur.1 scheren scheerden
imperative sing. scheer
imperative plur.1 scheert
participles scherend gescheerd
1) Archaic.

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

scheren

  1. Plural form of scheer

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃeːrən/, [ˈʃeːʁən], [ˈʃeː.ɐn], [ˈʃeːɐ̯n], [ʃɛ(ː)ɐ̯n]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːʀən

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German schërn, from Old High German skeran, from Proto-West Germanic *skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

Akin to Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, West Frisian skeare, English shear, Danish skære.

Verb[edit]

scheren (class 4 strong, third-person singular present schert, past tense schor, past participle geschoren, past subjunctive schöre, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to cut back something that grows
    1. to shear (sheep etc.)
      Wenn Schafe nicht geschoren werden, können sie sich vor lauter Wolle nicht mehr bewegen.
      When sheep aren’t shorn, they can no longer move for all the wool.
      • 1813 July 19, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen[1], page 1151–1152:
        Unser Verfasser widerspricht hier einer Meinung einiger Naturforscher (…), daß durch das öftere Abschneiden zwar das einzelne Haar an Stärke zunehme, aber die Anzahl der einzelnen Haare darum nicht wachse. Wäre diese Behauptung richtig, so müßte die Wolle von zweyschurigen Schafen gröber seyn, als von einschurigen, und die Wolle müßte um so feiner seyn, je seltener man die Schafe schiert.
        (please add an English translation of this quote)
    2. to clip, prune (a hedge)
      Synonyms: schneiden, beschneiden
    3. (dated) to cut, shave, trim (hair)
      Synonym: rasieren
  2. (transitive, dated) to exploit; to defraud of, cheat for [+ um (object)]
    Bei dem Vertrag haben sie uns ganz schön geschoren.In that contract they really ripped us off.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

scheren (weak, third-person singular present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive, of a thing or occurrence, usually negated) to bother (someone); to trouble (someone)
    Was schert mich das?Why should I care? (literally, “What does that bother me?”)
    Das schert mich einen Dreck!I don't give a damn! (literally, “It bothers me a dirt!”)
  2. (reflexive, informal) to care (about something); to mind (something) [+ um (object)]
    Scher dich um deinen eigenen Kram!Mind your own business
Derived terms[edit]
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German schern (to run away quickly), from Old High German scerōn (to be exuberant, literally jump), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerd- (to move, sway, swing, jump), see also Old High German scerdo (hinge), Latin cardō (hinge), Lithuanian kárti (to hang).[1]

First attested in the 15th century, in the sense of "to hurry off, to escape". [2]

Verb[edit]

scheren (weak, third-person singular present schert, past tense scherte, past participle geschert, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive, rare outside compounds) to go into a certain direction
  2. (reflexive, informal) to scram; to beat it
  3. (transitive, geometry) to shear, to apply a shearing transformation to (displacing each point of a geometric figure in fixed direction by an amount proportional to its signed distance, thus preserving the area of the figure.)
    ein Rechteck zu einem Parallelogramm scherento shear a rectangle into a parallelogram
    ein geschertes Rechteck verwandelt sich in ein Parallelogramma sheared rectangle is transformed into a parallelogram
    Objekte können mit der Maus skaliert, gedreht und geschert werdenobjects can be scaled, rotated and sheared with the mouse
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 324
  2. ^ Wolfgang Pfeifer: Etymologisches Wörterbuch.

Further reading[edit]

  • scheren” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • scheren” in Duden online (strong and weak verb)
  • scheren” in Duden online (strong and weak verb)
  • scheren” in Duden online (weak verb)
  • scheren” in Duden online (weak verb)

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch skeran, from Proto-West Germanic *skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut).

Verb[edit]

schēren

  1. to shave

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old English sċieran, from Proto-West Germanic *skeran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

scheren

  1. To cut; to slice with a sharp edge:
    1. To injure by slashing or slicing.
    2. To chop up or dice (especially food)
    3. To chop off; to sunder by slicing.
    4. To harvest or reap crops.
    5. To shear; to remove hair, fur, or wool:
      1. To remove one's hair; to have one's hair shaved.
      2. To shave the top of the head (to induct into monasticism).
      3. (rare) To shear or shave fabric.
  2. To split up; to share out or disunite.
  3. To leave; to make an departure or exit.
  4. To make a sign or mark, especially by indentation.
  5. (rare) To work or craft metal.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is occasionally weak, but generally remains strong throughout the Middle English period.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]