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From Japanese 制服 (seifuku せいふく), from Middle Chinese 制服 (tʃjèj-bjuwk) (compare Mandarin zhìfú 制服), from Old Chinese (tets-bək "official or ceremonial clothing", "mourning attire"), from ("cut" > "designed" > "systematized") + ("clothing").


seifuku (plural seifuku)

  1. (Japan) A Japanese school uniform modelled on the sailor suit.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Generally italicized as a foreign word.
  • seifuku can be used for any kind of Japanese school uniforms, not only the sailor suit type; serafuku is more specific for the sailor suit type.
  • nanchatte seifuku identifies the fake versions used in cosplay and kogal fashion.