seize

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Earlier seise, from Middle English seisen, sesen, saisen, from Old French seisir ‎(to take possession of; invest (person, court)), from Medieval Latin sacīre ‎(to lay claim to, appropriate) (8th century) in the phrase ad propriam sacire, from Old Low Frankish *sakjan ‎(to sue, bring legal action), from Proto-Germanic *sakjaną, *sakōną (compare Old English sacian ‎(to strive, brawl)), from Proto-Germanic *sakaną (compare Old Saxon sakan ‎(to accuse), Old High German sahhan ‎(to bicker, quarrel, rebuke), Old English sacan 'to quarrel, claim by law, accuse').[1] See sake.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

seize ‎(third-person singular simple present seizes, present participle seizing, simple past and past participle seized)

  1. (transitive) To deliberately take hold of; to grab or capture.
  2. (transitive) To take advantage of (an opportunity or circumstance).
  3. (transitive) To take possession of (by force, law etc.).
    to seize smuggled goods
    to seize a ship after libeling
  4. (transitive) To have a sudden and powerful effect upon.
    • 2010, Antonio Saggio, A Secret van Gogh: His Motif and Motives, ISBN 9781447507932, page 11:
      This sensation of an object becoming alive is a characteristic that, I believe, seizes all viewers of a van Gogh. The Bible goes beyond being a simple still-life object to become a living thing, an expression of strength, an existence that emanates from itself, beyond the painting surface to participate in our very lives.
    a panic seized the crowd
    a fever seized him
  5. (transitive, nautical) To bind, lash or make fast, with several turns of small rope, cord, or small line.
    to seize two fish-hooks back to back
    to seize or stop one rope on to another
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To fasten, fix.
  7. (intransitive) To lay hold in seizure, by hands or claws (+ on or upon).
    to seize on the neck of a horse
    The text which had seized upon his heart with such comfort and strength abode upon him for more than a year. (Southey, Bunyan, p. 21)
  8. (intransitive) To have a seizure.
    • 2012, Daniel M. Avery, Tales of a Country Obstetrician
      Nearing what she thought was a climax, he started seizing and fell off her. Later, realizing he was dead, she became alarmed and dragged the body to his vehicle to make it look like he had died in his truck.
  9. (intransitive) To bind or lock in position immovably; see also seize up.
    Rust caused the engine to seize, never to run again.
  10. (Britain, intransitive) To submit for consideration to a deliberative body.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C.T. Onions, ed., Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, s.v. "seize" (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), 807.
  • seize in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • seize” in OED Online, Oxford University Press, 1989.

French[edit]

French cardinal numbers
 <  15 16 17  > 
    Cardinal : seize
    Ordinal : seizième
French Wikipedia article on seize

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sēdecim.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

seize

  1. sixteen

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Norman[edit]

Norman cardinal numbers
 <  15 16 17  > 
    Cardinal : seize
Norman cardinal numbers
 <  15 16 17  > 
    Cardinal : seize

Etymology[edit]

From Old French seize, from Latin sēdecim.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

seize

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey, cardinal) sixteen