- That or who refers to itself or oneself; used as a stylistic device when done in literary works.
2017 October 27, Alex McLevy, “Making a killing: The brief life and bloody death of the post-Scream slasher revival”, in The Onion AV Club:
- What makes Scream so effective, and so timeless, is that it’s both a winking and self-referential breakdown of the tropes of the horror genre and a nearly flawless embodiment of the same.
- 1991, Edmund J. Smyth, Postmodernism and contemporary fiction, B T Batsford Ltd
- Many women authors extend the sort of metafictional self-scrutiny which The Golden Notebook so extensively sustains: Eva Figes's novels, for example, often raise self-referential questioning of their own representational validity and Muriel Spark teases several of her heroines with unsettling awareness of the process of their own creation.