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From self- +‎ sufficient, a calque of Ancient Greek αὐτάρκης (autárkēs).



self-sufficient (comparative more self-sufficient, superlative most self-sufficient)

  1. Able to provide for oneself independently of others; not needing external support. [from 16th c.]
    • 2012, BioWare, Mass Effect 3: From Ashes (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, PC, scene: Planets and Locations: Eden Prime Codex entry:
      Over the next few decades, several million humans immigrated to Eden Prime and a primarily agrarian culture developed. The new colony quickly became not only self-sufficient, but began exporting goods.
  2. (obsolete) Overconfident in one's own abilities; arrogant. [17th–20th c.]
    • 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle [], volumes (please specify |volume=I to IV), London: Harrison and Co., [], →OCLC:
      In spite of these conscientious reflections, he was too self-sufficient to think he should find any difficulty in obtaining forgiveness for these sins of omission [] .
    • 2021 October 6, Christian Wolmar, “Both sides must work together to get London back on track”, in RAIL, number 941, page 35:
      To rescue London from this short-termism, Byford has put forward a deal that would fill the current gap of £500m annually, explaining: "If we can fill that gap, we can get back to being self-sufficient by 2023."

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