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mulier senex (old woman)


From Proto-Indo-European *sénos (old). Cognates include Lithuanian senis (old man), Ancient Greek ἕνος (hénos), Irish sean, Welsh hen, Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬥𐬀(hana, old), Sanskrit सन (sána) and Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌽𐌴𐌹𐌲𐍃 (sineigs).



senex (genitive senis, comparative senior, superlative senissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. (usually of a person) old, aged, elderly
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Samuelis I 2:22
      Heli autem erat senex valde et audivit omnia quae faciebant filii sui universo Israheli
      Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel;


Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative senex senēs senia
Genitive senis senium
Dative senī senibus
Accusative senem senex senēs senia
Ablative senī senibus
Vocative senex senēs senia



Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


senex m or f (genitive senis); third declension

  1. old person, old man
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here); speech 2, section 5
      [] magno opere contemno, conlectum ex senibus desperatis, ex agresti luxuria, ex rusticis decoctoribus, ex eis qui vadimonia deserere quam illum exercitum maluerunt;
      [] I thoroughly despise that army composed of desperate old men, of clownish profligates, and uneducated spendthrifts; of those who have preferred to desert their bail rather than that army
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Ioel 2:28
      et erit post haec effundam spiritum meum super omnem carnem et prophetabunt filii vestri et filiae vestrae senes vestri somnia somniabunt et iuvenes vestri visiones videbunt
      And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative senex senēs
Genitive senis senum
Dative senī senibus
Accusative senem senēs
Ablative sene senibus
Vocative senex senēs



Derived terms[edit]


  • Old French: sené
  • Italian: sene
  • Spanish: sene