Borrowing from Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia (“way of thinking, opinion, sentiment”), from sentiēns, present participle of sentiō (“to feel, think”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sent- (“to feel”).
- IPA(key): /ˈsɛntəns/
- Rhymes: -ɛntəns
- Hyphenation: sen‧tence
sentence (plural sentences)
- (dated) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]
- The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
- 1959 October, Colin G. Maggs, “The Bristol-Frome branch of the W.R.”, in Trains Illustrated, page 473:
- A branch that has played a significant part in the history of its territory is under sentence at the end of the summer timetables, so far as its passenger services are concerned.
- The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]
- The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous child rapist.
- 1900, Charles W[addell] Chesnutt, chapter I, in The House Behind the Cedars, Boston, Mass., New York, N.Y.: Houghton, Mifflin and Company […], →OCLC:
- The murderer, he recalled, had been tried and sentenced to imprisonment for life, but was pardoned by a merciful governor after serving a year of his sentence.
- A punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
- (obsolete) A saying, especially from a great person; a maxim, an apophthegm. [14th–19th c.]
- (grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and, in modern writing, when using e.g. the Latin, Greek or Cyrillic alphabets, typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop or other punctuation. [from 15th c.]
- Hypernym: syntagma
- The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
- (logic) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
- (computing theory) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]
- (obsolete) Sense; meaning; significance.
- [1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Prologues”, in The Canterbury Tales (in Middle English), [Westminster: William Caxton, published 1478], →OCLC; republished in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], [London]: […] [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], 1542, →OCLC:
- Noght o word spak he moore than was neede, / And that was seyd in forme and reverence / And short and quyk and ful of hy sentence […]
- (please add an English translation of this quotation)]
- (obsolete) One's opinion; manner of thinking. [14th–17th c.]
- (archaic) A pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
- 1596, Edward Topsell, The Reward of Religion: Deliuered in Sundry Lectures Vpon the Booke of Ruth : Wherein the Godly May See Their Dayly Both Inward and Outward Trials : with the Presence of God to Assist Them, and His Mercies to Recompence Them [...], London: John Windet, published 1601, page 1:
- [I]f it may bee lawfull to iudge or giue any ſentence thereof, it [the author of the book of Ruth] was either Samuell, or ſome other godly Prophet vnder the raigne of Saule, [...]
- (logic): formula
- (grammar): affirmative sentence, complex sentence, compound sentence, conditional sentence, postilion sentence, simple sentence
- circle sentence
- cleft sentence
- composite sentence
- death sentence
- fused sentence
- garden-path sentence
- garden path sentence
- incomplete sentence
- life sentence
- mandatory sentence
- number sentence
- periodic sentence
- run-on sentence
- sentence adverb
- sentence case
- sentence connective
- sentence element
- sentence fragment
- suspended sentence
- topic sentence
- Wenker sentence
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to condemn to punishment.
- The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
- Synonym: pass sentence
- 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
- 2005, Elizabeth Economy, “Environmental Enforcement in China”, in Kristen A. Day, editor, China's Environment and the Challenge of Sustainable Development, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, →OL, page 109:
- Moreover, in 2002 two EPB officials in Yangcheng County, Shanxi Province, were sentenced to jail for failing to stop a chemical plant from discharging toxic waste into the drinking-water system.
- 2006 June 16, “China holds closed trial for researcher - Asia - Pacific - International Herald Tribune”, in The New York Times, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 2023-08-05, ASIA PACIFIC:
- On Thursday, a court in south China's Hunan province sentenced a Chinese journalist, Yang Xiaoqing, to one year in jail for extortion after he wrote articles about official corruption.
- (especially law or poetic) To decree, announce, or pass as a sentence.
- 1874, Ella Taylor Disosway, South Meadows: A Tale of Long Ago, page 235:
- “We are empowered to deliver thee to prison; yea, the law commands us to sentence death upon the abettors of this mischief. […] "
- 1977, Eugene B. Meier, How was the Acculturation of Children of Alt Lutheraner Descent in Wisconsin 1843 - 1915 Affected by the Relationship of Home and Market?: A Case Study, page 150:
- So as far as the older generation of German Lutherans were concerned, the abolition of the mother language sentenced death upon the church as they knew it.
- 1991, Joe Wayman, If You Promise Not to Tell, Pieces of Learning, →ISBN, page 36:
- But little did I know, As I cleared away that snow, I'd sentenced death upon that rose, For late that night it simply froze. I'd taken its one chance away, As I stripped it of its quilt that day. I learned a lesson late that night, ...
- 1996, United States. Court of Appeals (9th Circuit), Annual Report of the Ninth Circuit, page 137:
- […] upholding Idaho statute mandating that court "shall" sentence death upon finding an aggravating circumstance "unless" it finds outweighing mitigating circumstances because satisfies individualized sentencing requirement […]
- (obsolete) To utter sententiously.
- 1623, Owen Feltham, Resolves: Divine, Moral, Political:
- Let me heare one wise man sentence it, rather then twenty Fooles, garrulous in their lengthened tattle.
- “sentence”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “sentence”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
sentence f (plural sentences)
- “sentence”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
sentence f (5th declension)
|singular (vienskaitlis)||plural (daudzskaitlis)|
sentence f (plural sentences)