From Middle English servaunt, from Old French servant, from the present participle of the verb servir. Doublet of sergeant and servient. Morphologically serve + -ant. Displaced native Old English þeġn.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɜːvənt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsɝvənt/, [ˈsɝvn̩ʔ]
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)vənt
servant (plural servants)
- One who is hired to perform regular household or other duties, and receives compensation. As opposed to a slave.
- There are three servants in the household, the butler and two maids.
- 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, →OCLC:
- As a political system democracy seems to me extraordinarily foolish, but I would not go out of my way to protest against it. My servant is, so far as I am concerned, welcome to as many votes as he can get. I would very gladly make mine over to him if I could.
- One who serves another, providing help in some manner.
- She is quite the humble servant, the poor in this city owe much to her but she expects nothing.
- (religion) A person who dedicates themselves to God.
- (obsolete) A professed lover.
- A person of low condition or spirit.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
servant (third-person singular simple present servants, present participle servanting, simple past and past participle servanted)
- (obsolete, transitive) To subject.
- c. 1608–1609 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene ii]:
- Wife, Mother, Child, I know not. My affaires
Are Seruanted to others […]
- “servant”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
From Middle French, from Old French servant, a substantivized present participle of servir. Cf. also Latin serviens, and French sergent.
servant m (plural servants, feminine servante)
- “servant”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
- Alternative form of servaunt
servant m (definite singular servanten, indefinite plural servanter, definite plural servantene)
servant m (definite singular servanten, indefinite plural servantar, definite plural servantane)
servant m (oblique and nominative feminine singular servant or servante)
- that serves; that fulfils a role
servant m (oblique plural servanz or servantz, nominative singular servanz or servantz, nominative plural servant)
- servant (one who serves)
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Old French
- English doublets
- English terms suffixed with -ant
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ɜː(ɹ)vənt/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- English terms with obsolete senses
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- French terms derived from Middle French
- French terms derived from Old French
- French terms with audio links
- French non-lemma forms
- French present participles
- French lemmas
- French nouns
- French countable nouns
- French masculine nouns
- Latin non-lemma forms
- Latin verb forms
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English nouns
- Norwegian Bokmål lemmas
- Norwegian Bokmål nouns
- Norwegian Bokmål masculine nouns
- Norwegian Nynorsk lemmas
- Norwegian Nynorsk nouns
- Norwegian Nynorsk masculine nouns
- Old French non-lemma forms
- Old French present participles
- Old French lemmas
- Old French adjectives
- Old French nouns
- Old French masculine nouns