shall: difference between revisions

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(Usage notes: or in a parody of British English speakers)
(Verb: remove redundant)
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# {{non-gloss definition|Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.}}
 
# {{non-gloss definition|Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.}}
 
#: '''''Shall''' we go out later?''
 
#: '''''Shall''' we go out later?''
# {{rfd-redundant}} {{archaic}} {{non-gloss definition|Used to indicate destiny or certainty.}}
 
#: ''Goodness and mercy '''shall''' follow me all the days of my life.''
 
 
# {{obsolete}} To [[owe]].
 
# {{obsolete}} To [[owe]].
 
{{rfex}}
 
{{rfex}}

Revision as of 11:27, 26 April 2010

English

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: down · good · never · #100: shall · most · where · those

Etymology

Old English sceal. Compare Dutch zal.

Pronunciation

  • (stressed) IPA(No language code specified.): /ˈʃæl/, Template:SAMPA
  • (unstressed) IPA(No language code specified.): /ʃəl/, Template:SAMPA
  • (file)
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Verb

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

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  1. Template:context Used before a verb to indicate the simple future tense, particularly in the first person singular or plural.
    I shall sing in the choir tomorrow
  2. Used similarly to indicate determination or obligation, particularly in the second and third persons singular and plural.
    (determination): You shall go to the ball!
    (obligation): Citizens shall provide proof of identity.
  3. Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.
    Shall we go out later?
  4. Template:obsolete To owe.

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Usage notes

  • Shall is now rare in North America and may be considered formal or pompous outside of certain legal uses or in a parody of British English speakers. Will is now the preferred auxiliary verb for the future tense.
  • In the past, will and shall have been used similarly as auxiliary verbs for the future tense. The simple future tense traditionally uses shall for the first person ("I" and "we"), and will for the second and third persons.
I shall go.
You will go.
  • An emphatic future tense, with a sense of must, reverses the two words, using will for the first person and shall for the second and third person.
I will go.
You shall go.
  • Usage can be reversed in questions and in dependent clauses—especially with indirect discourse. For example: Shall you do it? is equivalent in meaning to Will you do it? as it anticipates your response I shall do it. Or: he says that he shall win or he expects that he shall win report his saying I shall win, not I will win.

Translations

See also

Anagrams