English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , shap , from schape Old English ġesceap ( “ shape, form, created being, creature, creation, dispensation, fate, condition, sex, gender, genitalia ” ), from Proto-West Germanic + *ga- , from *skap Proto-Germanic + *ga- *skapą ( “ shape, nature, condition ” ), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kep- ( “ to split, cut ” ). Cognate with Middle Dutch schap ( “ form ” ), Middle High German geschaf ( “ creature ” ), Icelandic skap ( “ state, condition, temper, mood ” ).
The verb is from
Middle English , shapen , from schapen Old English scieppan ( “ to shape, form, make, create, assign, arrange, destine, order, adjudge ” ), from Proto-Germanic *skapjaną ( “ to create ” ), from the noun. Cognate with Dutch , scheppen German , schaffen Swedish skapa ( “ create, make ” ), Norwegian skapa ( “ create ” ).
shape ( , countable and uncountable plural )
status or condition of something
The used bookshop wouldn't offer much due to the poor shape of the book.
Condition of personal health, especially muscular health.
The vet checked to see what kind of shape the animal was in. We exercise to keep in good physical shape. The
appearance of something in terms of its arrangement in space, especially its outline; often a basic geometric two-dimensional figure.
He cut a square shape out of the cake. What shape shall we use for the cookies? Stars, circles, or diamonds?
2006, Berdj Kenadjian, Martin Zakarian, From Darkness to Light:
What if God's plans and actions do mold the shape of human events?
( iron manufacture ) A rolled or hammered piece, such as a bar, beam, angle iron, etc., having a cross section different from merchant bar.
( iron manufacture ) A piece which has been roughly forged nearly to the form it will receive when completely forged or fitted.
( cooking , now rare ) A mould for making jelly, blancmange etc., or a piece of such food formed moulded into a particular shape.
1918, Rebecca West, The Return of the Soldier, Virago 2014, page 74:
‘And if I'm late for supper there's a dish of macaroni cheese you must put in the oven and a tin of tomatoes to eat with it. And there's a little rhubarb and shape.’ 1978, Jane Gardam, God on the Rocks, Abacus 2014, p. 111:
It was brawn and shape for high tea.
( gambling ) A loaded die.
1961, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Gambling and Organized Crime: Hearings (page 76)
A top cheater seldom ever uses shapes or loaded dice because they do not assure you of winning. ( programming ) In the Hack programming language, a group of data fields each of which has a name and a data type.
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
status or condition
様子 (ja) ( ようす, yōsu ), ようす ( yōsu ) Javanese:
kaanan (jv) Latin:
forma , (la) figura Polish:
kształt (pl) m Portuguese:
condição (pt) , f estado (pt) m Romanian:
stare (ro) , f formă (ro) Russian:
фо́рма (ru) f ( fórma ), состоя́ние (ru) n ( sostojánije ) Scottish Gaelic:
cor , m staid f Spanish:
forma (es) , f estado (es) m Swedish:
form (sv) , c tillstånd (sv) n Telugu:
స్థితి (te) ( sthiti ) Turkish: durum , (tr) şekil , (tr) vaziyet (tr)
condition of personal health, especially muscular health
appearance or outline
formë (sq) f Arabic:
شَكْل m ( šakl ), ( plural ) أَشْكَال m pl ( ʾaškāl ) Armenian:
ձեւ ( jew ) Azerbaijani:
şəkil , (az) forma (az) Belarusian:
фо́рма (be) f ( fórma ) Bengali:
আকৃতি ( akriti ), আকার (bn) ( akar ) Bulgarian:
фо́рма (bg) f ( fórma ) Burmese:
ပုံ (my) ( pum ) Catalan:
forma (ca) f Chinese:
Mandarin: 形狀 , (zh) 形状 (zh) ( xíngzhuàng ), 形式 (zh) ( xíngshì ) Czech:
tvar (cs) m Danish:
form (da) c Dutch:
vorm (nl) m Estonian:
kuju , (et) vorm Faroese:
skap n Finnish:
muoto , (fi) kuvio (fi) French:
forme (fr) f Galician:
forma (gl) f Georgian:
ფორმა ( porma ), მოხაზულობა ( moxazuloba ), მოყვანილობა ( moq̇vaniloba ) German:
Form (de) , f Gestalt (de) f Greek:
μορφή (el) f ( morfí )
Ancient: μορφή f ( morphḗ ), σχῆμα n ( skhêma ) Guaraní:
צוּרָה (he) f ( tsurá ) Hindi:
आकार (hi) m ( ākār ) Hungarian:
alak , (hu) forma (hu) Icelandic:
bentuk (id) Irish:
cruth m Italian:
forma (it) , f sagoma (it) Japanese:
形 (ja) ( かたち, katachi ), 型 (ja) ( かた, kata ), 形式 (ja) ( けいしき, keishiki ) Javanese:
, dhapur rupa , (jv) , warna , warni wujud Kazakh:
нысан ( nısan ), форма (kk) ( forma ), пішім ( pişim ) Khmer:
គ្រោង (km) ( kroong ) Korean:
모양 (模樣) (ko) ( moyang ), 형식 (形式) (ko) ( hyeongsik ), 형 (形) (ko) ( hyeong ) Kurdish:
Northern Kurdish: şikil (ku) Kyrgyz:
форма (ky) ( forma ) Lao:
ຮູບຮ່າງ ( hūp hāng ) Latin: forma , (la) figūra f
forma f Lithuanian:
forma (lt) f Luhya:
облик m ( oblik ) Malay:
Cyrillic: хэлбэр (mn) ( khelber ) Norwegian:
Bokmål: form (no) m or f Pashto:
شکل (ps) m ( šᶕkәl ) Persian:
شکل (fa) ( šakl ) Polish:
kształt (pl) , m forma (pl) Portuguese:
forma (pt) f Romanian:
formă (ro) f Russian:
фо́рма (ru) f ( fórma ) Sanskrit:
रूप (sa) n ( rūpa ) Scottish Gaelic:
cumadh , m cruth m Serbo-Croatian:
о̏блӣк m Roman: ȍblīk (sh) m Slovak:
tvar m Slovene:
oblika (sl) f Spanish:
forma (es) f Swahili:
umbo (sw) Swedish:
form (sv) c Tagalog:
hugis (tl) Tajik:
шакл (tg) ( šakl ) Telugu:
ఆకారం (te) ( ākāraṃ ), ఆకృతి (te) ( ākr̥ti ) Thai:
รูปร่าง (th) ( rûup-râang ), รูป (th) ( rûup ) Tocharian B:
görünüş , (tr) şekil (tr) Turkmen:
, şekil , forma görnüş Ukrainian:
фо́рма (uk) f ( fórma ), ви́гляд (uk) ( výhljad ), кшталт (uk) m ( kštalt ) Urdu:
شکل ( šakl ) Uyghur:
شەكىل ( shekil ) Uzbek:
shakl , (uz) forma (uz) Vietnamese:
hình dáng , (vi) hình thức (vi) Yiddish: פֿאָרעם ( forem )
iron manufacture: rolled or hammered piece having a cross section different from merchant bar
iron manufacture: piece which has been roughly forged nearly to its final form
— see mold
programming: group of defined data fields
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
(please verify) forma (ca) f Chinese:
Mandarin: , (please verify) 形狀 (zh) , (please verify) 形状 (zh) ( xíngzhuàng ) (please verify) 外形 (zh) ( wàixíng ) Czech:
(please verify) tvar (cs) m Danish:
(please verify) form (da) c Dutch:
, (please verify) vorm (nl) (Flemish) (please verify) fysiek (nl) Esperanto:
(please verify) formo French:
(please verify) forme (fr) f Galician:
(please verify) forma (gl) f Georgian:
, (please verify) ფორმა ( porma ) ფიგურა ( pigura ) German:
(please verify) Form (de) f Ido:
(please verify) formo (io) Indonesian:
(please verify) bentuk (id) Italian:
, (please verify) forma (it) f (please verify) figura (it) f Japanese: , (please verify) 形 (ja) ( かたち, katachi ) , (please verify) 形状 (ja) ( けいじょう, keijō ) (please verify) 形態 (ja) ( けいたい, keitai )
See also [ edit ]
shape ( third-person singular simple present , shapes present participle , shaping simple past shaped or ( obsolete ) , shope past participle shaped or ( archaic ) )
( Northern England , Scotland , rare ) To create or make.
Earth was shapen by God for God's folk. 1685, Satan's Invisible World Discoveredː
Which the mighty God of heaven shope.
( transitive ) To give something a shape and definition.
1932, The American Scholar, page 227, United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa
The professor never pretended to the academic prerogative of forcing his students into his own channels of reasoning; he entered into and helped shape the discussion but above all he made his men learn to think for themselves and rely upon their own intellectual judgments. 2013 August 3, “ Revenge of the nerds”, in , volume 408, number 8847: The Economist Think of banking today and the image is of grey-suited men in towering skyscrapers. Its future, however, is being shaped in converted warehouses and funky offices in San Francisco, New York and London, where bright young things in jeans and T-shirts huddle around laptops, sipping lattes or munching on free food. Shape the dough into a pretzel. For my art project, I plan to shape my clay lump into a bowl. To
form or manipulate something into a certain shape.
1718, Mat[thew] Prior, “Solomon on the Vanity of the World. A Poem in Three Books.”, in Poems on Several Occasions, London: [ … ] Jacob Tonson [ … ] , and John Barber [ … ] , , book II (Pleasure), OCLC 5634253 page 437: Mature the Virgin was of Egypt's Race: / Grace ſhap'd her Limbs; and Beauty deck'd her Face: [… ] 2010 December 29, Mark Vesty, “ Wigan 2-2 Arsenal”, in BBC: Bendtner's goal-bound shot was well saved by goalkeeper Ali Al Habsi but fell to Arsahvin on the edge of the area and the Russian swivelled, shaped his body and angled a sumptuous volley into the corner.
( of a country, person, etc ) To give influence to. To suit; to be adjusted or conformable.
1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “ The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act V, scene v]: OCLC 606515358 The more of you 'twas felt, the more it shap'd / Unto my end of stealing them ( obsolete ) To imagine; to conceive.
c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “ The Tragedie of Othello, the Moore of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act III, scene iii]: OCLC 606515358 Oft my jealousy / Shapes faults that are not.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to give something a shape
References [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]