shroud

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃɹaʊd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊd
    • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English shroud, from Old English sċrūd, from Proto-Germanic *skrūdą. Cognate with Old Norse skrúð (the shrouds of a ship) ( > Danish, Norwegian skrud (splendid attire)).

Noun[edit]

shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
    • 1636, George Sandys, Paraphrase upon the Psalms and Hymns dispersed throughout the Old and New Testaments
      swaddled, as new born, in sable shrouds
    • 2019 April 25, Samanth Subramanian, “Hand dryers v paper towels: the surprisingly dirty fight for the right to dry your hands”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Every time we came a research area, we had to pause while the scientists threw grey shrouds over prototypes that I wasn’t to see.
  2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
  3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
  4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
    • 1618, George Chapman, Homeric Hymns
      The shroud to which he won / His fair-eyed oxen.
    • 1554, John Withals, A Dictionarie in English and Latine
      a vault, or shroud, as under a church
  5. (nautical) One of a set of ropes or cables (rigging) attaching a mast to the sides of a vessel or to another anchor point, serving to support the mast sideways; such rigging collectively.
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[2]:
      Then - a shock of water, a wild rush of boiling foam, and I was clinging for my life to the shroud, ay, swept straight out from it like a flag in a gale.
  6. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English schrouden (> Anglo-Latin scrudāre), from Middle English schroud (shroud) (see above).

Verb[edit]

shroud (third-person singular simple present shrouds, present participle shrouding, simple past and past participle shrouded)

  1. To cover with a shroud.
    • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrouded in a number of folds of linen besmeared with gums.
  2. To conceal or hide from view, as if by a shroud.
    The details of the plot were shrouded in mystery.
    The truth behind their weekend retreat was shrouded in obscurity.
  3. To take shelter or harbour.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Variant of shred.

Noun[edit]

shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
    • 1611, King James Version, “xxxi.iii”, in Ezekiel[3], Barker edition:
      Behold, the Assyrian was a Cedar in Lebanon with faire branches, and with a shadowing shrowd, and of an hie stature, and his top was among the thicke boughes.

Verb[edit]

shroud (third-person singular simple present shrouds, present participle shrouding, simple past and past participle shrouded)

  1. (transitive, Britain, dialect) To lop the branches from (a tree).
    Synonym: shrood

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sċrūd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

shroud (plural shroudes)

  1. garment, priestly vestment

Descendants[edit]

  • English: shroud
  • Yola: shrude

References[edit]