shroud

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃɹaʊd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊd
    • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English schroud, from Old English scrūd, from Proto-Germanic *skrūdą. Cognate with Old Norse skrúð (the shrouds of a ship) ( > Danish, Norwegian skrud (splendid attire)).

Noun[edit]

shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
    • 1636, George Sandys, Paraphrase upon the Psalms and Hymns dispersed throughout the Old and New Testaments
      swaddled, as new born, in sable shrouds
    • 2019 April 25, Samanth Subramanian, “Hand dryers v paper towels: the surprisingly dirty fight for the right to dry your hands”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Every time we came a research area, we had to pause while the scientists threw grey shrouds over prototypes that I wasn’t to see.
  2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
  3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
  4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
    • 1618, George Chapman, Homeric Hymns
      The shroud to which he won / His fair-eyed oxen.
    • (Can we date this quote by Withals and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      a vault, or shroud, as under a church
  5. (nautical) A rope or cable serving to support the mast sideways.
  6. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English schrouden (> Anglo-Latin scrudāre), from Middle English schroud (shroud) (see above).

Verb[edit]

shroud (third-person singular simple present shrouds, present participle shrouding, simple past and past participle shrouded)

  1. To cover with a shroud.
    • 1626, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum, Or, A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries
      The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrouded in a number of folds of linen besmeared with gums.
  2. To conceal or hide from view, as if by a shroud.
    The details of the plot were shrouded in mystery.
    The truth behind their weekend retreat was shrouded in obscurity.
    • 1614, Walter Raleigh, Historie of the World
      One of these trees, with all his young ones, may shroud four hundred horsemen.
  3. REDIRECT Template:RQ:Dryden Indian Emperour
    • Some tempest rise, / And blow out all the stars that light the skies, / To shroud my shame.
  4. To take shelter or harbour.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Variant of shred.

Noun[edit]

shroud (plural shrouds)

  1. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
    • 1611, King James Version, “xxxi.iii”, in Ezekiel[2], Barker edition:
      Behold, the Assyrian was a Cedar in Lebanon with faire branches, and with a shadowing shrowd, and of an hie stature, and his top was among the thicke boughes.

Verb[edit]

shroud (third-person singular simple present shrouds, present participle shrouding, simple past and past participle shrouded)

  1. (transitive, Britain, dialect) To lop the branches from (a tree).
    Synonym: shrood

References[edit]