si-

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Choctaw[edit]

Prefix[edit]

si- (except before a/o sa-, class II first-person singular)

  1. the direct object of an active transitive verb
    me
  2. the subject of a stative intransitive verb
    I
  3. indicates possession of a noun
    my

Usage notes[edit]

Class II person markers are used for possession only for a small set of words, mostly including kinship terms and body parts.

Inflection[edit]

person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

Chuukese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. First-person plural inclusive subject marker for tense modifying adverbs.

Navajo[edit]

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. my, me

Usage notes[edit]

This is an alternative form of shi- which comes about in some words as a result of coronal harmony. See, for example, sikʼis, sitsilí. This once firm rule has become optional, and today most Navajo speakers actually prefer to ignore the rules of sibilant (coronal) harmony, especially when there is relatively greater distance between the 1st-person shi- and the alveolar sibilant in the root.

See also[edit]


Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ísi-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Swahili[edit]

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. the negative emphatic copula or negative focusing copula: expresses "it is not" with an inflected object

Inflection[edit]

Emphatic copula forms:

Pronominals 1s 2s 3s 1p 2p 3p
Positive ndimi, ndiye ndiwe, ndiye ndiye ndisi, ndio ndinyi, ndio ndio
Negative simi, siye siwe, siye siye sio, sisi* sinyi, siyo sio
Classes c1 c2/c3/c11/c14 c4/c6/c9 c5 c7 c8 c10 c15 c16 c17
Positive ndiye ndio ndiyo ndilo ndicho ndivyo ndizo ndiko ndipo ndimo
Negative siye sio siyo silo sicho sivyo sizo siko sipo simo

* The form sisi "it is not us" is not frequently used as it is identical to the pronoun sisi "we", "us". Instead it is virtually always replaced with sio.

See also[edit]


Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ísi-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. Class 7 simple noun prefix.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

Prefix[edit]

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

References[edit]