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- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsaɪ.ləns/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsaɪ.ləns/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪləns
- The absence of any sound.
- When the motor stopped, the silence was almost deafening.
- The act of refraining from speaking.
- "You have the right to silence," said the police officer.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
- Then we relapsed into a discomfited silence, and wished we were anywhere else. But Miss Thorn relieved the situation by laughing aloud, and with such a hearty enjoyment that instead of getting angry and more mortified we began to laugh ourselves, and instantly felt better.
- D. Webster
- The administration itself keeps a profound silence.
- Form of meditative worship practiced by the Society of Friends (Quakers); meeting for worship.
- During silence a message came to me that there was that of God in every person.
Terms derived from silence (noun)
lack of any sound
right to not speak during arrest
not speaking as meditation or prayer
- (transitive) To make (someone or something) silent.
- Can you silence the crowd, so we can start the show?
- (transitive) To repress the expression of something.
- Women, as well as children, have their thoughts or emotions routinely silenced.
- (transitive) To suppress criticism, etc.
- Silence the critics.
- Silence the doubters.
- 2011 December 19, Kerry Brown, “Kim Jong-il obituary”, in The Guardian:
- A state ideology, mixing nationalism, and basic Marxist economics, going under the name "Juche", was constructed, and Kim Il-sung effectively silenced, disposed of and cleared away any opposition, isolating the country and exercising an iron grip on the military, the state media and the government and party organs.
- (molecular biology) To block gene expression.
- (euphemistic) murder
- 2013, Mark Shaw, The Poison Patriarch: How the Betrayals of Joseph P. Kennedy Caused the Assassination of JFK, →ISBN, page 150:
- They, and others through the years, believed Ruby must have acted on his own since there was no logic to the supposition that anyone could trust an uncontrollable, unreliable loudmouth like Ruby to silence Oswald.
to make something silent
to suppress criticism
- (imperative) Be silent.
- Silence! Enough of your insolence!
silence m (plural silences)
- “silence” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- Silence; the state of refraining or refusing to speak.
- c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.), published c. 1410, Apocalips 8:1, page 120r; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
- And whanne he hadde opened þe ſeuenþe ſeel. a ſilence was maad in heuene as an half an our.
- And when he had opened the seventh seal, silence occurred in heaven for half an hour.
- Peace, calm; a state of tranquil and restful behaviour.
- Quietness; a lack of sound or speaking (for a given area or time).
- Refraining from excessive speaking or talking.
- The following of a religious vow of silence.
- (rare) The termination of a dispute or conflict.
- (rare) Secrecy or freedom from disruption.
- “sī̆lence (n.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-11-03.
silence f (plural silences)
- silence (absence of noise)