sitten

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English siten, seten, from Old English seten, ġeseten, past participle of sittan ‎(to sit). Cognate with Dutch gezeten, German gesessen.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. (archaic, Britain dialectal) past participle of sit; alternative form of sat
    • 1810, Legh Richmond, The fathers of the English church:
      For though we your brethren, who heretofore by our vocation have sitten in the chair of Moses, and be ghostly captains as Moses and Joshua unto you; [...]

Adjective[edit]

sitten ‎(comparative more sitten, superlative most sitten)

  1. (Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Seated.
    • a1513, W. Dunbar, Poems (1998) 155:
      The tailȝeour was no thing weill sittin, He left the sadill.
    • c1560, A. Scott, Poems (S.T.S.) ii. 38:
      He micht counter Will on horss, For Sym wes bettir sittin Nor Will.
  2. Settled; stationary; not easily stirred or moved.
    • 1671, J. Livingston, Let. to Parishoners Ancram 15:
      Their fire edge might help to kindle-up old sitten-up professours.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English sitten, equivalent to sit +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. (obsolete) plural simple present form of sit
    • 1579, Edmund Spenser, The Shepheardes Calender
      Such merimake holy saints doth queme,
      But we here sytten as drownd in a dreme.
    • 1593, Michael Drayton, The Shepherd's Garland
      This were as good as curds for our Jone,
      When at a night we sitten by the fire.
    • 1659, Henry More, The Immortality of the Soul, Book I, Canto IV:
      While as they sitten soft in the sweet rayes
      Or vitall vest of the lives generall,
    • 1738, Rev. John Whalley
      Then listen, Thenot, to my mournful lay,
      As wee these willows sitten here emong;

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: sit‧ten
  • IPA(key): /ˈsitːen/

Adverb[edit]

sitten

  1. then (when referring to temporal, logical or other order).
  2. when or whenever (in the expression "sitten, kun"):
  3. (in certain interjections) what:
    entä sitten? = so what?
    mitä sitten? = then what?
  4. ago:
    kauan sitten = long time ago
    tunti sitten = one hour ago
  5. without a definite meaning, as an expletive in subordinate clauses that include tahansa and -kin and that are translated with whoever, whomever, whatever, wherever:

Preposition[edit]

sitten (+ genitive)

  1. since
    • Emme ole tavanneet sitten viime vuoden.
      • We haven't met since last year.

Anagrams[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German sitten, Old Saxon sittian, from Proto-Germanic *sitjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sed-. Cognate with Dutch zitten, German sitzen, English sit, West Frisian sitte, Danish sidde.

Verb[edit]

sitten (past singular seet, past participle seten, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to sit

Conjugation[edit]

  • The plural present indicative sittt is also spelled sitt't.

Usage note:

  • The conjugation given is for a dialect which merges all open-mid and close-open vowels and apocopates /ə/. As such it is lacking many distinctions which are grammatical in other dialects.

Basic forms in Münsterland:

  • infinitive: sitten ((to) sit)
  • third person singular present indicative: sitt (sits)
  • first and third person singular past indicative: satt (sat)
  • third person plural past indicative: sätten (sat)
  • past participle: siäten (sat)

References[edit]

  • G. Ungt: Twee Geschichten in Mönstersk Platt. Ossmanns Jans in de Friümde un Ossmanns Jans up de Reise. Münster, 1861.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sittan.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. to sit

Descendants[edit]