sitten

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See also: Sitten

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English siten, seten, from Old English seten, ġeseten, past participle of sittan (to sit). Cognate with Dutch gezeten, German gesessen.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. (archaic, UK dialectal) past participle of sit; alternative form of sat
    • 1810, Legh Richmond, The fathers of the English church:
      For though we your brethren, who heretofore by our vocation have sitten in the chair of Moses, and be ghostly captains as Moses and Joshua unto you; [...]

Adjective[edit]

sitten (comparative more sitten, superlative most sitten)

  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Seated.
    • a1513, W. Dunbar, Poems (1998) 155:
      The tailȝeour was no thing weill sittin, He left the sadill.
    • c1560, A. Scott, Poems (S.T.S.) ii. 38:
      He micht counter Will on horss, For Sym wes bettir sittin Nor Will.
  2. Settled; stationary; not easily stirred or moved.
    • 1671, J. Livingston, Let. to Parishoners Ancram 15:
      Their fire edge might help to kindle-up old sitten-up professours.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English sitten, equivalent to sit +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. (obsolete) plural simple present of sit
    • 1579, Edmund Spenser, The Shepheardes Calender:
      Such merimake holy saints doth queme,
      But we here sytten as drownd in a dreme.
    • 1593, Michael Drayton, “The Eighth Eglog”, in Idea the Shepheards Garland, [], London: [] [T. Orwin] for Thomas Woodcocke, [], →OCLC; republished as J[ohn] P[ayne] C[ollier], editor, Idea the Shepheards Garland, [London: Privately printed], 1870, →OCLC, page 64:
      This were as good as curds for our Jone, / When at a night we ſitten by the fire.
    • 1659, Henry More, The Immortality of the Soul, Book I, Canto IV:
      While as they sitten soft in the sweet rayes
      Or vitall vest of the lives generall,
    • 1738, Rev. John Whalley, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      Then listen, Thenot, to my mournful lay,
      As wee these willows sitten here emong;

Anagrams[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From siten, formed from se +‎ -ten; the t has doubled likely by contamination from dialectal siittä (which is se, stem si(i)- + -ttä, the same suffix as in että and jotta). Not related to Swedish sedan or Old English siþþan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsitːen/, [ˈs̠it̪ːe̞n]
  • Rhymes: -itːen
  • Syllabification(key): sit‧ten

Adverb[edit]

sitten

  1. then (soon afterward; next in order of place)
    Ensin syödään, sitten jutellaan.First we eat, then we chat.
    Maksa sitten verelläsi!Then pay with your blood!
    Sitten voisimme puhua vaikka tästä.Next we could talk about this.
  2. when, (when)ever (with the conjunction kun)
    Sitten, kun jään eläkkeelle...When I retire...
    Lähdemme sitten, kun olet valmis.We’ll go whenever you’re ready.
    Sitten kun olet tehnyt läksysi, voimme katsella televisiota.When you have done your homework, we can watch the television.
  3. then, in that case
    No sitten ei ole mitään hätää.Well then it's not urgent.
  4. Used for emphasis, often without any additional meaning.
    ...tai sitten ei...or not
    Puhutaan siitä sitten ensi kerralla.Let's just talk about it the next time around.
    1. used to emphasize or intensify questions
      entä sitten?so what?
      mitä sitten?then what?
      Oliko aiempi väitteesi sitten vain liioittelua?So was your earlier claim just an exaggeration?
    2. acts as an emphatic modifier for tahansa ... (-kin) expressions used to mean "whatever", "whoever"...
      Kenelle tahansa sen sitten annatkin, älä anna sitä minulle.Whomever you give it to, don't give it to me.

Postposition[edit]

sitten (+ nominative)

  1. ago
    tunti sittenone hour ago
    kolme vuotta sittenthree years ago
    kauan sittenlong ago
    pitkän aikaa sittena long time ago

Preposition[edit]

sitten (+ genitive)

  1. since
    Emme ole tavanneet sitten viime vuoden.
    We haven't met since last year.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

sitt +‎ -en (case suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃitːɛn]
  • Hyphenation: sit‧ten

Noun[edit]

sitten

  1. superessive singular of sitt

Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German sitten, Old Saxon sittian.

Verb[edit]

sitten (past singular seet, past participle seten, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to sit

Conjugation[edit]

  • The plural present indicative sittt is usually spelled sitt but also sitt't.

Usage note:

  • The conjugation given is for a dialect which merges all open-mid and close-open vowels and apocopates /ə/. As such it is lacking many distinctions which are grammatical in other dialects.

Basic forms in Münsterland:

  • infinitive: sitten ((to) sit)
  • third person singular present indicative: sitt (sits)
  • first and third person singular past indicative: satt (sat)
  • third person plural past indicative: sätten (sat)
  • past participle: siäten (sat)

References[edit]

  • G. Ungt: Twee Geschichten in Mönstersk Platt. Ossmanns Jans in de Friümde un Ossmanns Jans up de Reise. Münster, 1861.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch sitten.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. to sit, to be seated
  2. to sit down
  3. to settle (of a sore)
  4. to be located, to be present
  5. to reside, to live

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: zitten
  • Limburgish: zitte

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sittan.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. to sit

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *sittjan.

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. to sit
  2. to be situated, to live

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sitten”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German[edit]

Verb[edit]

sitten

  1. Alternative form of sizzen