slave

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Slave, Slavé, slāve, slavē, and slāvē

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French sclave, from Medieval Latin sclāvus (slave), from Late Latin Sclāvus (Slav), because Slavs were often forced into slavery in the Middle Ages.[1][2][3][4][5] The Latin word is from Byzantine Greek Σκλάβος (Sklábos), see that entry and Slav for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: slāv, IPA(key): /sleɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪv

Noun[edit]

slave (plural slaves)

  1. A person who is the property of another person and whose labor (and sometimes also whose life) is subject to the owner's volition.
  2. A person who is legally obliged by prior contract (oral or written) to work for another, with contractually limited rights to bargain; an indentured servant.
  3. A drudge; one who labours like a slave.
  4. One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders to something.
    a slave to passion, to strong drink, or to ambition
  5. An abject person; a wretch.
    Art thou the slave that with thy breath hast kill'd/ Mine innocent child? Shakespeare. Much Ado About Nothing.
  6. A submissive partner in a BDSM relationship who (consensually) submits to (sexually and/or personally) serving one or more masters or mistresses.
  7. A person who is forced against their will to perform, for another person or group, sexual acts or services on a regular or continuing basis.
  8. (engineering) A device that is controlled by another device.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

slave (third-person singular simple present slaves, present participle slaving, simple past and past participle slaved)

  1. (intransitive) To work hard.
    I was slaving all day over a hot stove.
  2. (transitive) To enslave.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marston to this entry?)
  3. (transitive) To place a device under the control of another.
    to slave a hard disk
    • 2005, Simon Millward, Fast Guide to Cubase SX (page 403)
      Slaving one digital audio device to another unit using timecode alone results in time-based synchronisation []

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ slave” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ slave” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  3. ^ slave” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 slave, n.1 (and a.)” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989
  5. ^ F. Kluge, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. 2002, siehe «Sklave».

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Sklave, from Latin sclavus, whence also slaver.

Noun[edit]

slave c (singular definite slaven, plural indefinite slaver)

  1. slave

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

slave (imperative slav, infinitive at slave, present tense slaver, past tense slavede, perfect tense har slavet)

  1. slave

Synonyms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From slavo +‎ -e.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈslave/
  • Hyphenation: sla‧ve
  • Rhymes: -ave

Adverb[edit]

slave

  1. in a Slavic language; Slavically
    • 2002 November, La Ondo de Esperanto[1] (in Esperanto):
      La komparo estus interesa okupo por iu ajn scipovanta slave: ĉu unu lingvon, ĉu kelkajn, sed eĉ senkomprene oni povas perokule enoreligi al si la melodion de la kroata originalo.
      The comparison would be an interesting activity for anyone knowledgable in Slavic languages: whether one language or a few, but even without understanding a person can visually bring the melody of the Croatian original into their ears.
    • 2002 March 12, Michael Wolf, soc.culture.esperanto, Usenet (in Esperanto):
      La plej norda loko estis la duoninsulo Rügen (slave: Rujana) kaj la plej suda en suda (Supra) Luzacio.
      The northernmost place was the Rügen peninsula (Slavically: Rujana) and the southernmost in southern (Upper) Lusatia.
    • 2004 July 19, Rafi, soc.culture.esperanto, Usenet (in Esperanto):
      En la angla estas vortoj diversdevenaj (france, ghermane, slave, arabe, ...). Same en multaj lingvoj.
      In English there are words of diverse origin (from French, Germanic, Slavic, Arabic, ...). It's the same in many languages.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French Sclave, from Medieval Latin Sclavus, from Byzantine Greek Σκλάβος (Sklábos), which see for more. Doublet of esclave.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

slave (plural slaves)

  1. Slav, Slavic
    Les langues slaves.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (uncountable)

  1. Slavic language
    Avant le IXe siècle, on présume que les Slaves partageaient tous une langue à peu près identique appelée le slave commun, mais aucun écrit avant 860 ne peut le prouver.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

slave

  1. plural of slavo

Noun[edit]

slave f

  1. plural of slavo

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave f (5th declension)

  1. (dialectal) fame, glory; alternative form of slava

Declension[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slaver, definite plural slavene)

  1. a slave

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slavar, definite plural slavane)

  1. a slave

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]