slump

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably of North Germanic origin: compare Danish slumpe ‎(to stumble upon by chance), Norwegian slumpe ‎(to fall upon), Swedish slumpa ‎(to sell off). Compare also German schlumpen ‎(to trail; draggle; be sloppy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

slump ‎(third-person singular simple present slumps, present participle slumping, simple past and past participle slumped)

  1. (intransitive) To collapse heavily or helplessly.
    Exhausted, he slumped down onto the sofa.
    • 1907, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, “chapter IX”, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: A. L. Burt Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 4241346:
      “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better. []
  2. (intransitive) To decline or fall off in activity or performance.
    Real estate prices slumped during the recession.
    • 2011 October 29, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 3-5 Arsenal”, in BBC Sport:
      The Gunners captain demonstrated his importance to the team by taking his tally to an outstanding 28 goals in 27 Premier League games as Chelsea slumped again after their shock defeat at QPR last week.
  3. (intransitive) To slouch or droop.
  4. (transitive) To lump; to throw together messily.
    • Sir William Hamilton (1788-1856)
      These different groups [] are exclusively slumped together under that sense.
  5. To fall or sink suddenly through or in, when walking on a surface, as on thawing snow or ice, a bog, etc.
    • Isaac Barrow (1630-1677)
      The latter walk on a bottomless quag, into which unawares they may slump.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

slump ‎(plural slumps)

  1. A heavy or helpless collapse; a slouching or drooping posture; a period of poor activity or performance, especially an extended period.
  2. A measure of the fluidity of freshly mixed concrete, based on how much the concrete formed in a standard slump cone sags when the cone is removed.
  3. (Scotland, Britain, dialect) A boggy place.
  4. (Scotland) The noise made by anything falling into a hole, or into a soft, miry place.
  5. (Scotland) The gross amount; the mass; the lump.
  6. (slang, by extension) A period when the person lives without sex when sex is expected or desired.
    • 2004, Jonathan Tolins, The Last Sunday in June
      "TOM. We haven't had sex with each other in five months.
      "MICHAEL. We're in a slump, I know that."

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

slump c

  1. chance, happenstance

Declension[edit]

Inflection of slump 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative slump slumpen slumpar slumparna
Genitive slumps slumpens slumpars slumparnas

Related terms[edit]