sodden

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sodden, soden, from Old English soden, ġesoden, past participle of sēoþan (to seethe; boil; cook in a liquid). More at seethe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sodden (comparative more sodden, superlative most sodden)

  1. Soaked or drenched with liquid; soggy, saturated.
    • 1810, James Millar (editor), Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume XII, 4th Edition, page 702,
      It is found, indeed, that meat, roaſted by a fire of peat or turf, is more ſodden than when coal is employed for that purpoſe.
    • 1895 February, James Rodway, Nature's Triumph, The Popular Science Monthly, page 460,
      The outfalls are choked, the dams are perforated by crabs or broken down by floods, and soon the ground becomes more and more sodden.
    • 2014, Paul Salopek, Blessed. Cursed. Claimed., National Geographic (December 2014)[1]
      A miraculous desert rain. We slog, dripping, into As Safi, Jordan. We drive the sodden mules through wet streets. To the town’s only landmark. To the “Museum at the Lowest Place on Earth.”
  2. (archaic) Boiled.
    • c. 1569, Hugh Gough (translator), The Ofspring of the House of Ottomanno and Officers Pertaining to the Greate Turkes Court by Bartolomej Georgijević, London, Thomas Marshe, “The diuersities of their drinke,”[2]
      The thirde [drynke] is of that kinde of hony named Pechmes, whiche is made of newe wine sodden, vntill the third parte be boyled awaye []
    • 1596, Richard Johnson, The Most Famous History of the Seaven Champions of Christendome, London: Cuthbert Burbie, Chapter 14, p. 131,[3]
      [] howe Almidor the blacke King of Moroco was sodden to death in a cauldrone of boyling leade and brimstone.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, 1 Samuel 2:15,[4]
      Also before they burnt the fat, the priest’s servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.
  3. (figuratively) Drunk; stupid as a result of drunkenness.
    • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, line 560,[5]
      You whoreson sodden headed sheepes-face []
    • c. 1601, William Shakespeare, Troilus and Cressida, Act II, Scene 1,[6]
      [] thou sodden-witted lord! thou hast no
      more brain than I have in mine elbows []
    • 1857, Charles Dickens, Little Dorrit, 1899, Reprint Edition, page 60,
      With this profession of faith, the doctor, who was an old jail-bird, and was more sodden than usual, and had the additional and unusual stimulus of money in his pocket, returned to his associate and chum in hoarseness, puffiness, redfacedness, all-fours, tobacco, dirt, and brandy.
    • 2010, Peter Hitchens, The Cameron Delusion, page 79,
      I would have done too, but alcohol makes me so ill that I couldn't (I mention this to make it clear that I don't claim any moral superiority over my more sodden colleagues).
  4. (figuratively) Dull, expressionless (of a person’s appearance)
    • 1613, Francis Beaumont, The Knight of the Burning Pestle, London: Walter Burre, Act 5, Scene 1,[7]
      Remoue and march, soft and faire Gentlemen, soft and faire: double your files, as you were, faces about. Now you with the sodden face, keepe in there []
    • 1795, Samuel Jackson Pratt, Gleanings through Wales, Holland and Westphalia, London: T.N. Longman and L.B. Seeley, Letter 49, pp. 444-445,[8]
      Of the music-girls, many are pretty featured, but carry in every lineament, the signs of their lamentable vocation: sodden complexions, feebly glossed over by artificial daubings of the worst colour []

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sodden (third-person singular simple present soddens, present participle soddening, simple past and past participle soddened)

  1. (transitive) To drench, soak or saturate.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      But as I lay asleep the top had been pressed off the box, and the tinder got loose in my pocket; and though I picked the tinder out easily enough, and got it in the box again, yet the salt damps of the place had soddened it in the night, and spark by spark fell idle from the flint.
  2. (intransitive) To become soaked.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]