From Middle English sookne, socne (“district held by a socage”) (> Medieval Latin sōca (“right of jurisdiction”), see soke), from Old English sōcn (“jurisdiction, prosecution, soke”, literally “act of seeking”), from Proto-Germanic *sōkniz (“seeking, inquiry”), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (“to follow, track”). Akin to Gothic 𐍃𐍉𐌺𐌽𐍃 (sōkns, “controversy”), Old English sacu (“legal case, dispute”), sēcan (“to seek”), Swedish socken (“parish”), Danish sogn (“parish”), Norwegian sokn (“parish”). More at sake, seek, soke.
- (historical) The ancient right (usually conferred by royalty) to hold a local court of justice and levy specific fees and fines.
- The 'resort' (right) of specific farmers to have their grain ground at a specific mill or, inversely, the right of a mill to that custom.
- A right of prosecution and judgement.
- (historical) The area over which this right was established.
- Synonym: soke
- (obsolete) A place that is regularly frequented.
- Webster's Dictionary
- Oxford English Dictionary
- Stow's Survey of London
- Alternative form of