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Believed to be an alteration of Old Latin *sodium, from Proto-Italic *sodjom, from Proto-Indo-European *sodyom (compare Old Irish suide (seat)), from *sed-.





solium n (genitive soliī or solī); second declension

  1. seat, chair
    Synonyms: sedes, sella
  2. throne, chair of state, official seat
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.19–20:
      Saepe aliquis soliō, quod tū, Sāturne, tenēbās,
      ausus dē mediā plēbe sedēre deus.
      Often some deity, from amid the common class, dared to sit in the throne which you, Saturn, were occupying.
  3. (figuratively) rule, sway, dominion
  4. tub, bathtub
  5. stone coffin, sarcophagus



Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative solium solia
Genitive soliī
Dative soliō soliīs
Accusative solium solia
Ablative soliō soliīs
Vocative solium solia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms



  • Ancient Greek: σόλιον (sólion)
  • Italian: soglio
  • Portuguese: sólio
  • Sicilian: sogghiu
  • Spanish: solio


  • solium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • solium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • solium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • solium”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solium”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin