sp(j)

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Egyptian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

s p
V1
  1. to tie with rope, to bind
    • Anon. Rock Tombs at Meir
      s p
      t
      s mH
      [missing]
      spt smḥ
      Binding a skiff.

Inflection[edit]

spj: Third-weak root (3ae-inf)
Base Stem: sp Geminated Stem: spp Imperative: sp (13)
Suffix Forms (1) Participles(10)
Active Passive Active Passive Relative
Perfective (2) sp sp.tw sp sp(y) sp(y)
Imperfective (3) sp(y) sp(y).tw spp(j) / sppy spp(w) (11) spp(w) (11)
Perfect sp.n sp.n.tw ------ ------ sp.n
Prospective sp(w) / sp(y) sp(w) / sp(y) sp(w)tj.fj (9) ------ ------
Subjunctive sp(y) sp(y).tw Stative
Passive ------ sp(w) / spy Singular Plural
"Consequential"(4) sp.jn sp.jn.tw 1st Person sp.kw / (spp.kw) sp.wjn / (spp.wjn)
"Necessitive"(5) sp.ḫr sp.ḫr.tw 2nd person sp.tj / spp.tj sp.tjwjn / spp.tjwjn
"Future Consequential"(6) sp.k3 sp.k3.tw 3rd person (masc) sp.w / spy / spp.w sp.wj / spp.wj
Old Perfect (7) spt / spyt spyt / spt 3rd person (fem) sp.tj / spp.tj
Infinitival forms
Infinitive spt Negatival Complement sp(w) Complementary Infinitive(8) sp(w)t / spyt

1) All of these forms can display their subject using the suffix pronouns (and they frequently do)
2) Otherwise known as the "Indicative"
3) Otherwise known as the "Circumstantial"
4) No formal name - usually referred to as the "sḏm.jn"
5) No formal name - usually referred to as the "sḏm.ḫr"
6) No formal name - usually referred to as the "sḏm.k3"
7) Otherwise known as the "sḏmt"
8) Rare & Archaic
9) Declines using third person suffix pronouns: masc.: .fj, fem: .sj & plural: .sn
10) Decline like adjectives
11) -w only appears in the masculine singular
13) Sometimes spy in the plural

References[edit]

A. M. Blackman, The Rock Tombs of Meir, Vol. 2, pl. 4